Technologies used for Precision Farming

Date : Oct 09, 2017 Author : PMR Editorial Staff Category : Technology

Precision Farming or Precision agriculture wouldn’t be possible without GPS technology

Ever since the 1990s, when agriculture was introduced to position locating satellites, such technologies have been used by manufacturers to making field work much stress-free and precise by incorporating GPS technologies in their tools. In developed regions of the West, especially in North America and Europe, farmers can start their tractor and get to work immediately using the tools precision farming offers. On the similar lines, the development and proliferation of smartphones has had a profound impact on precision farming. Due to the smartphones, information can be readily passed on to the farmers. As per a thumb rule applied by some companies, if the technical data received by the farmer doesn’t work for them within the first twenty minutes after they receive it, they are never going to probably use such kind of data. This is where smartphones have come to the picture, and have enabled the farmers to receive instructions and technical information lightning fast, so that they can timely act on that information and even solve their doubts if they have any. 

Precision farming is gaining in prominence on the backdrop of water scarcity, reoccurring droughts and depletion of aquifers. Telemetry is one such technology that has been developed in this context. Now, farmers can remotely monitor and control each and every aspect of their irrigation mechanism. Such type of systems fuel, time, water and even wear and tear on vehicles. In the future, soil moisture monitoring and weather data will be integrated within such systems. 

Robots are gradually replacing farmers in doing manual tasks such as planting greenhouse crops and clipping of vineyards. Such kind of robots are being remotely controlled using telematics. Engineers have even created an autonomous grain cart system that can be mounted on any kind of tractor. In addition, technology has been developed that connects two machines with the help of GNSS signals and radio, and this enables both machines to be controlled by just one driver. Such type of machines are being increasingly fine-tuned to support the needs of the farmer. In addition, a company has developed corn seeding robots that are energy-efficient, highly flexible, lightweight, can be controlled via a cloud and can be operated from a tablet app. Such type of robots can work round the clock and have low maintenance costs. 

Precision mobile drip irrigation is another major technological innovation. Due to this technology, driplines are able to deliver water directly to the surface of the soil, and in the process evaporation and wind drift problems are eliminated, and thus more water can reach to the root zone. 

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