Electric vehicles are self-propelling transportation machines for passengers as well as goods utilizing the power stored in the batteries via electric motors or with the help of both internal combustion engine and electric motors working in tandem. Electric vehicles are considered to be the vehicles of the future and are highly likely to make conventional vehicles obsolete.
The global electric vehicles market is projected to grow at an impressive CAGR of 15.6% in terms of revenue generated over the forecast period from 2016 to 2030, primarily driven by the growth of eco-friendly alternatives considered for transportation.
Factors influencing the Global Electric Vehicles Market growth
The growth of electric vehicles is attributed to the ever increasing production and sales of automobiles. Vehicles are becoming an increasingly affordable commodity owing to the growing disposable incomes across the world. Though the percentage share of electric vehicles in the automotive industry is extremely small in the current scenario, it is highly likely to expand at a faster rate than expected due to rise in fuel prices owing to higher current usage and growing rate of depletion, the government regulations to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by vehicles, high fuel efficiency offered by the electric vehicles and soundless operation of the electric vehicles. Another important factor which is pushing the surge of electric vehicles market is the attractive incentives provided by the governments of various countries with a motive to push the sale of electric vehicles. Customers are offered benefits such as tax exemption, reduced selling prices, and free charging of electric vehicles at various charging points.
Though electric vehicles have proven to be advantageous over conventional vehicles, the market is not without restraints hindering the growth of the market over the forecast period. Electric vehicles come along with a high price tag which might evoke customer apathy towards this market. Scarcity of charging points within major cities is a massive hurdle in the growth of the global electric vehicles market. The electric vehicles lack alternate source of fuel which often put the schedule of the commute in jeopardy. The complete drainage of the battery can stall the car and can put the traveler at risk. These loopholes in the electric vehicles are a major drawback for the market.
Electric vehicles provide excellent torque at low speeds but its performance drops at higher speed in comparison with conventional vehicles, this difference in performance can also act as a restraint to the growth of the global electric vehicles market.
Global Electric Vehicles Market segmentation and forecast
On the basis of technology, the electric vehicles market is divided into hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles. Though plug-in hybrid electric vehicles hold the least amount of share in the market, it is projected to grow at the fastest rate with a CAGR of 17.9% in the forthcoming years owing to higher flexibility in terms of its usage.
Global Electric Vehicles Market analysis, by product type
Passenger cars, commercial vehicles, two wheelers, and others comprise the vehicle type segmentation. In terms of volume, two wheelers segment to dominate the market due to astonishing rise of sale in China. Passenger cars segment is predicted to expand at a CAGR of 15.1% within the forecast period. Battery powered electric vehicles do not follow the system architecture of parallel hybrid, series hybrid and combined hybrid, which make up the powertrain segment. Hence, this segment excludes market volume numbers of battery electric vehicles leaving the market value far less than the overall market value. Parallel hybrid powertrain is currently dominating the market and is also projected to grow faster than series and combined hybrids with a CAGR of 16.8% till 2030.
Global Electric Vehicles Market analysis, by region
The use of electric vehicles is highly prevalent in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific regions. Well developed and extensive charging infrastructure along with the incentives provided by the governments of these regions are expediting the growth of the electric vehicles. In contrast, Latin America and Middle East & Africa regions show a slower adoption of electric vehicles owing to the availability of flexible fuel. Latin America is projected to create a total incremental $ opportunity of US$ 1,332.6 Mn between 2016 and 2030. The segment is expected to account for 0.3% share of the global market absolute $ incremental opportunity during the same period.
Nevertheless, these regions will show growth in the market for electric vehicles although on a slower note.
Key players dominating the Global Electric Vehicles Market
Almost all the major manufacturers of automobile with a global reach have manufactured and supplied electric vehicles. Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Toyota Motor Corporation, Tesla Motors, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Nissan Motor Corporation Ltd., Bayerische Motoren Werke AG are some of the prominent companies engaged in the manufacture of electric vehicles releasing hybrids, plug-in hybrids or pure battery electric vehicles variants.
Persistence Market Research has recently published a report titled “Electric Vehicles Market: Global Industry Analysis and Forecast, 2016–2030” offering structured insights and in-depth research on the growing electric vehicles market on a worldwide scale. The report study covers the most prominent factors driving the growth of electric vehicles, provides potential opportunities for the manufacturers to harness its growth, changing trends and developments shaping the dynamics of the market and relevant insights covering important key segments.
Prominent strategy adopted by major electric vehicles manufacturers is by leveraging on the disadvantages caused by conventional vehicles thereby using it as a medium to aggressively advertise the electric vehicles as the vehicles of the future to the customers. The market is categorically divided into six segments based on Technology, Power Source, Vehicle Type, Powertrain and Region. The market value of electric vehicles is presented in terms of US$ Mn across all the segments. However, from the perspective of powertrain segment, it does not represent the overall market numbers i.e., market volume and market value, owing to the fact that the battery powered electric vehicles do not require the capabilities of a powertrain, which is usually limited to vehicles that have both the internal combustion engine and electric motor to run the wheels. This holds true for all the regions as well. The report also presents important drivers as well as roadblocks affecting the market growth over the forecast period. Ever changing trends and buying patterns of the customers are also taken into account and scrutinized, which is thus integrated in the study to provide the client with relevant comprehensive information about the dynamics of the market leading to better decision making of the client. Other important parameters such as macrocosmic factors, comparative study between the conventional vehicles & electric vehicles, regulations affecting its usage in prominent regions and forecasting factors are also added in the report to provide more value-added intelligence to the client.
The market segmentation presented in this report study is given below:
By Power Source
By Vehicle Type
Both the production and sales statistics of electric vehicles on a yearly basis are taken into consideration for the purpose of research on the market, however, for the calculation of market volume per year, only sales statistics of electric vehicles are taken into account. The market volume based on the sales of electric vehicles are inferred through the secondary sources and confirmed through primary respondents to achieve a near accurate count. Average selling prices of electric vehicles in different regions is incorporated only in the vehicle type segment, which is used to calculate the total market value.
The electric vehicles market is forecasted for a period of 15 years taking 2015 as the base year for the market numbers calculation and forecasted till 2030. The current size of the market, as well as the information obtained from the supply and demand side and sales pattern of electric vehicles provided by the dealers shaping the market.
The forecasts incorporated in the report is presented in terms of Compound Annual Growth Rate or CAGR, while other decisive parameters namely year-on-year growth and absolute dollar opportunity are also included in the report to present the client with clearer insights and extensive knowledge on the aforementioned market.
Last but not the least, essential parameters such as market attractive index and impact analysis of the drivers and restraints for all the regions are presented in the report providing insights about the dynamics, growth, performance and untapped opportunities in the electric vehicles market. Exhaustive profiling of prominent electric vehicles manufacturers is included in the concluding section of the report detailing the strengths, weaknesses and competitive strategies of each manufacturers.
Infrastructure starved market:
The global electric vehicles market is presently devoid of proper structure. The massive absence of infrastructure is fracturing the normal surge of the market. Developing economies around the globe such as India and China still lack a proper framework that can expedite the expansion of the market. Public awareness about electric vehicles are also minimal amongst a large chunk of the population present in the developing nations of the globe. A rise in awareness along with reduction of prices of electric vehicles will curate the destiny of the market.
Baby boomers to cement the base of the market:
Stricter government regulations to promote the use of electric vehicles and a swelling geriatric population is likely to impact the demography of the global electric vehicles market. Women are also potential buyers of light weight electric vehicles.