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Carbon Credit/Carbon Offset Market

Market Study on Carbon Credit/Carbon Offset: PMR Foresees Various Opportunities, Analysing Include Heightened Corporate and Government Emphasis on Sustainability, the Need for Organizations to Meet Carbon Neutrality Goals, and the Growing Awareness of Climate Change, Prompting Increased Adoption of Carbon Reduction Strategies

A Detailed Analysis of the Carbon Credit/Carbon Offset Market Based On Is Witnessing Substantial Growth Fueled by the Increasing Global Focus on Sustainability and Climate Change Mitigation, Driving Demand for Carbon Reduction Initiatives and Environmentally Responsible Practices

Carbon Credit/Carbon Offset Market

The global Carbon credit/Carbon offset market is forecast to expand at a CAGR of 12.1% and thereby increase from a value of US$100.1 Bn in 2024 to US$222.7 Bn by the end of 2031.


Key Insights

Carbon credit/Carbon offset Market Size (2024E)

US$100.1 Bn 

Projected Market Value (2031F)

US$222.7 Bn 

Global Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2024 to 2031)


Historical Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2018 to 2022)


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Market Introduction and Definition

Carbon credits, or carbon offsets, are a vital Project Type of the global effort to mitigate climate change. These represent a measurable reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, usually measured in terms of carbon dioxide equivalents, achieved through projects or activities that promote sustainability and environmental conservation. Applications of carbon credits range from renewable energy projects, reforestation initiatives, and methane capture programs to energy efficiency improvements in industries.

The benefits are twofold: firstly, they incentivize businesses and individuals to adopt eco-friendly practices, fostering a more sustainable economy; secondly, they contribute to the overall reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions, thereby combating climate change. The driving factor behind the carbon credit market is the urgent need to address climate change and achieve carbon neutrality. Governments, corporations, and individuals are increasingly recognizing the importance of offsetting their carbon footprint to meet emission reduction targets and fulfill environmental responsibilities. As the world collectively strives for a greener future, the carbon credit market serves as a critical mechanism to promote sustainable practices and mitigate the impact of human activities on the planet.

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Market Growth Drivers

Increased Emphasis on Climate Change and Net-Zero Carbon Emissions

The growing global commitment to combat climate change and achieve net-zero carbon emissions is fueling the market growth. The urgency to address the adverse impacts of climate change has led to international agreements and initiatives, creating a significant demand for carbon credits as a means to offset unavoidable emissions. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, stands as a pivotal driver, as it mobilizes countries worldwide to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. To achieve this ambitious goal, nations commit to Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), outlining their specific targets for emission reductions. As countries aim to meet these targets, the carbon credit market becomes a crucial tool for bridging the gap between actual emissions and the targeted reductions.

Additionally, to governmental commitments, there is a growing corporate emphasis on environmental sustainability. Many businesses are voluntarily setting ambitious emission reduction goals, aligning their strategies with the broader global effort. This corporate responsibility extends beyond mitigating environmental impact to encompass a positive brand image, attracting environmentally conscious consumers and investors. The increasing recognition of the economic risks associated with climate change also plays a role in driving the carbon credit market.

Lack of Standardized and Transparent Methodologies

The lack of standardized and transparent methodologies for measuring and verifying emission reductions is restraining the market expansion. The absence of consistent international standards hinders the credibility and trustworthiness of carbon credits. Divergent methodologies across projects and regions make it challenging to accurately assess the actual impact of offset initiatives, leading to concerns about the legitimacy of claimed emission reductions. Additionally, issues related to the permanence and additionality of carbon offset projects raise doubts about their long-term effectiveness in mitigating climate change. Without robust and universally accepted standards, there is a risk of greenwashing, where businesses or projects falsely claim environmental benefits. Addressing these challenges through the development and adoption of standardized, transparent, and rigorous methodologies is crucial to enhancing the integrity of the carbon credit market and ensuring its effectiveness in driving meaningful emissions reductions.

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Market Restraints

Risk of Fraud and Lack of Standardization in Project Verification

The risk of fraud and lack of standardization in project verification is challenging the carbon credit market. The absence of globally recognized and consistent methodologies for measuring and validating emission reductions makes it difficult to ensure the credibility and integrity of carbon offset projects. Fraudulent practices, including double counting or exaggerating the environmental benefits, undermine the market's effectiveness and erode trust among investors and buyers. Addressing these challenges requires the development and adoption of stringent, standardized verification protocols to enhance transparency and credibility, ensuring that carbon credits genuinely represent verifiable and additional emissions reductions, and fostering confidence in the market's ability to contribute meaningfully to climate change mitigation.

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Expansion and Diversification of Carbon Offset Projects Propose Great Promise

Expansion and diversification of carbon offset projects, specifically through innovative nature-based solutions provide new opportunities for increasing revenue. Nature-based solutions involve initiatives such as reforestation, afforestation, and sustainable land management practices that not only sequester carbon but also provide additional ecological and societal benefits. One avenue for revenue growth is the development of projects that focus on biodiversity conservation alongside carbon sequestration. By creating projects that protect and restore critical ecosystems, such as forests, wetlands, and mangroves, companies can generate carbon credits while simultaneously supporting habitat preservation and biodiversity conservation. These projects appeal to a broader range of stakeholders and contribute to broader environmental sustainability goals.

Furthermore, promoting community engagement and co-benefits in carbon offset projects can enhance revenue streams. Implementing projects that involve local communities in sustainable land management practices or agroforestry not only fosters social responsibility but also creates additional revenue opportunities through the sale of social or community carbon credits. This approach aligns with the growing emphasis on social and environmental co-benefits, attracting investors and buyers who prioritize holistic sustainability. Additionally, leveraging advancements in technology, such as satellite monitoring and blockchain, can enhance the transparency and traceability of carbon offset projects. Incorporating these technologies can instill greater confidence among buyers and investors by providing real-time data on project performance and emissions reductions. This increased transparency may lead to premium pricing for high-integrity carbon credits.

Analyst’s Viewpoint

The Carbon credit/Carbon offset Market is anticipated to undergo substantial expansion and change. The carbon credit and carbon offset market presents a dynamic landscape with both challenges and opportunities. The increasing global focus on climate change mitigation and sustainability has propelled the market into a critical position, with significant implications for various sectors. Governments, corporations, and individuals are increasingly recognizing the urgency of reducing carbon footprints, creating a robust demand for carbon credits. One key trend shaping the market is the dominance of voluntary offset initiatives, particularly within the corporate sector. Companies are proactively integrating carbon offsetting into their sustainability strategies, driven by a combination of regulatory compliance, stakeholder expectations, and a genuine commitment to environmental responsibility. This shift is reshaping traditional business models and fostering a new era of green capitalism.

However, challenges persist, notably the need for standardized verification methodologies and transparent reporting. The credibility of carbon credits relies on accurate measurement and validation of emission reductions, and the lack of universally accepted standards poses a risk to the market's integrity. The fastest-growing segments within the market are nature-based solutions, such as afforestation and reforestation projects. This surge is fueled by heightened awareness of the dual benefits of carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. Governments worldwide are increasingly incorporating these nature-based projects into their climate strategies, further propelling market growth.

Supply-side Dynamics

Several factors, including renewable energy, afforestation, energy efficiency, and industrial emission reductions, all contribute to the dynamic and rapid expansion of the global Carbon credit/Carbon offset market. Carbon Care Asia, 3 Degrees, South Pole Group, Finite Carbon, Eki Energy Services, Ltd., Carbon Better, Climetrek Ltd., Carbon Credit Capital, Natureoffice GmbH, Bluesource LLC., TEM, Climate Impact Partners, Climeco LLC, and Carbonfund are market leaders. The countries of China, Brazil, and the United States are significant producers of various goods. China, as the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, is actively engaged in producing carbon credits. The United States, with its robust corporate sustainability initiatives and a growing focus on renewable energy, plays a pivotal role in generating carbon credits. Brazil is a major contributor to carbon credits through nature-based solutions, particularly afforestation and reforestation projects in the Amazon rainforest.

Market players in the carbon credit/offset sector can enhance revenue by diversifying project portfolios, engaging in strategic partnerships, and leveraging technology for transparent monitoring. Diversification allows appeal across various project types, broadening market access, while collaborations amplify project visibility and attract additional funding. Embracing advanced monitoring technologies ensures accurate verification, bolstering the credibility of carbon credits. Active participation in carbon trading platforms and exploring opportunities in both voluntary and compliance markets expands market reach. Highlighting community and social co-benefits in projects appeals to socially conscious buyers, potentially commanding premium prices. Continuous innovation in project types, methodologies, and financing models ensures adaptability to market dynamics, fostering sustained revenue growth in this critical environmental market.

Market Segmentation

Which Nature Is Expected to Benefit the Most from Revenue Generation?

Extensive Sales for Voluntary Market Due to Growing Corporate and Individual Commitments to Sustainability and Carbon Neutrality

The Nature segment is segmented into the Compliance Market and Voluntary Market. Driver’s Seat represents the most sizable market segment for Carbon credit/Carbon offset. The Voluntary Market dominates due to increased corporate and individual commitments to sustainability and carbon neutrality. Companies and consumers, driven by a growing awareness of environmental responsibility, voluntarily purchase carbon credits to offset their emissions, fostering market growth. On the other hand, the Compliance Market is experiencing rapid expansion due to stringent government regulations and international agreements, such as the Paris Agreement, mandating emission reduction targets. The increasing global focus on regulatory measures to combat climate change propels the Compliance Market's growth, as businesses strive to meet mandatory emission reduction requirements, making it the fastest-growing subsegment in the nature-based carbon credit market.

What Project Type Will Be Targeted the Most for Installations?

Highest Percent Share Attributed to Renewable Energy Projects Owing to Global Push for Sustainable Energy Sources

The Project Type segment is bifurcated into sensors, software, and hardware. The Renewable Energy Projects is dominating the market. It is driven by the global push for sustainable energy sources. Governments and businesses are investing heavily in renewable energy infrastructure, such as solar and wind projects, as part of their commitment to reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Nevertheless, Afforestation and Reforestation Projects are the fastest-growing segment in the market. It is gaining traction due to increased awareness of the role forests play in carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. Efforts to combat deforestation and restore ecosystems have become paramount in global climate strategies, making afforestation and reforestation projects crucial.

Which Area of Applications to be Focused on the Most Regarding Sales?

Energy and Utilities Applications to Widen Footprint Due to its Substantial Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Application segment is sub-segmented into Aviation, Energy and Utilities, Manufacturing and Industrial Processes, Transportation, and Others. Energy and Utilities lead due to the sector's substantial greenhouse gas emissions and the urgency to transition to cleaner energy sources. Renewable energy projects and efficiency improvements within the sector contribute to its dominance, aligning with global efforts to decarbonize the power generation and utility industries. On the contrary, the fastest-growing subsegment, Transportation, is witnessing significant expansion as the sector faces increasing pressure to reduce emissions. With a rising focus on sustainable practices and the adoption of electric vehicles, biofuels, and alternative transportation solutions, the demand for carbon credits in transportation is escalating rapidly.

Which are End Users to be Dominant Regarding Sales?

Corporate Sector to Dominate Sales Owing to Surge in Corporate Sustainability Commitments

The End User segment is categorized into the Corporate Sector, Government and Municipalities, and Individuals and Households. Passenger Car occupies the highest market share. The Corporate Sector dominates due to a surge in corporate sustainability commitments and the adoption of carbon reduction strategies. Many companies are voluntarily offsetting their emissions to align with environmental goals, enhance their brand image, and meet stakeholder expectations. In contrast, the fastest-growing subsegment, Individuals and Households, is experiencing growth as awareness of individual carbon footprints rises. Increased concern about personal environmental impact, coupled with a desire for sustainable living, drives individuals and households to voluntarily purchase carbon credits to offset their emissions.

Top Regional Markets

Why is North America Emerging as a Dominating Region?

The Presence of Regulatory Frameworks, Corporate Sustainability Initiatives, and Heightened Environmental Awareness to Fuel Growth for Easier Market Adoption

North America dominates the carbon credit market due to a combination of regulatory frameworks, corporate sustainability initiatives, and heightened environmental awareness. The United States, with its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, has seen widespread adoption of carbon offset projects across various sectors. Additionally, Canada has embraced renewable energy and sustainability measures, contributing to the region's overall dominance. Both governments and corporations in North America are actively investing in renewable energy projects, energy efficiency measures, and carbon offset initiatives, positioning the region as a leader in the global carbon credit market.

What Opportunities Lie in Asia Pacific for Manufacturers?

Rapid Industrialization in Countries and Implementation Stringent Measures to Address Environmental Concerns to Advance Growth

The Asia Pacific region is the fastest-growing market. The rapid industrialization in countries like China and India has led to increased emissions, prompting governments to implement stringent measures to address environmental concerns. Growing awareness of climate change impacts and the need for sustainable practices are driving the adoption of carbon credits in the region. Furthermore, the Asia Pacific region offers significant potential for nature-based solutions, such as afforestation and reforestation projects, as there is ample available land. As a result, the Asia Pacific region is witnessing a surge in demand for carbon credits, making it the fastest-growing market segment in the global carbon credit landscape.

Competitive Intelligence and Business Strategy

The carbon credit/offset market is characterized by a diverse array of players, each contributing to the sector's growth and innovation. Established companies such as South Pole Group, 3 Degrees, and Finite Carbon bring extensive experience in developing and managing a wide range of offset projects, including renewable energy initiatives and nature-based solutions. Pioneering the Asian market, Carbon Care Asia and Eki Energy Services, Ltd. offer localized expertise, catering to the unique challenges and opportunities in the region.

In the technology-driven space, Carbon Better utilizes innovative solutions for emissions reduction and offsetting, while Climetrek Ltd. emphasizes sustainable practices. Other key players, such as Carbon Credit Capital, Natureoffice GmbH, Bluesource LLC., TEM, Climate Impact Partners, Climeco LLC, and Carbonfund, contribute to the market's vibrancy, offering diverse services from project development to carbon credit trading. This competitive landscape fosters a dynamic market where companies differentiate themselves through technological advancements, regional specialization, and a commitment to sustainability, collectively shaping the future of the carbon credit/offset industry.

Key Recent Developments

New Product Launch

Siemens Smart Infrastructure and the South Pole have partnered to provide comprehensive solutions and financing models for companies aiming to reduce energy-related emissions In August 2022. The collaboration offers an end-to-end service covering essential steps in developing and implementing credible decarbonization roadmaps, a crucial element of corporate net-zero emissions strategies. The partnership aims to accelerate global efforts towards net-zero emissions by combining Siemens' advanced decarbonization strategies with South Pole's expertise in renewable energy procurement and decarbonization.

Market Impact: The collaboration between Siemens Smart Infrastructure and the South Pole strengthens the capabilities of both companies to offer integrated solutions for companies striving to reduce their carbon footprint. This partnership addresses a critical aspect of the carbon credit/offset market by providing an end-to-end service that includes setting emission reduction targets, developing strategies, monitoring compliance, and supporting the implementation of decarbonization projects. This initiative reflects a growing trend where established players in the industry are joining forces to provide holistic solutions, potentially influencing the market towards more robust and streamlined approaches to carbon reduction and sustainability.

Johnson Controls partnered with 3Degrees to accelerate progress toward net-zero goals for building owners and operators In August 2022. The collaboration utilizes 3Degrees' environmental commodity solutions, including Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) transactions, long-term renewable energy procurement, carbon credit portfolio management, and climate advisory services. The aim is to provide market-sourced renewable energy supply services as part of Johnson Controls' OpenBlue Net Zero Buildings offering or as a standalone service. This collaboration addresses the increasing demand for global net-zero solutions, offering effective paths for customers to reduce operational carbon emissions and achieve net-zero goals.

Market Impact: The collaboration between Johnson Controls and 3Degrees signifies a strategic move to integrate environmental commodity solutions into the realm of building sustainability. By offering services such as REC transactions, carbon credit portfolio management, and renewable energy procurement, the partnership contributes to the broader carbon credit/offset market by providing diversified and comprehensive solutions. This initiative is likely to influence building owners and operators, making it easier for them to navigate the complexities of achieving net-zero goals. Additionally, by integrating these services into Johnson Controls' OpenBlue Net Zero Buildings offering, the collaboration streamlines the process of implementing sustainable practices, potentially setting a precedent for more integrated solutions in the market.

Climate solutions provider 3Degrees collaborates with Merge Electric Fleet Solutions, a technology platform facilitating commercial fleet electrification In November 2022. This partnership enables corporate clients to combine 3Degrees' climate consulting expertise with Merge's analysis for an affordable and data-driven approach to EV fleet transitions. Merge customers gain access to 3Degrees' experience in optimizing Clean Fuels Programs incentives, aligning with broader climate objectives like Net Zero or Science-Based Targets. Additionally, the collaboration ensures that all EV charging by Merge customers is matched with Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs).

Market Impact: The collaboration between 3Degrees and Merge Electric Fleet Solutions is poised to accelerate the transition to electric fleets, a pivotal step in reducing carbon emissions in the transportation sector. By combining climate consulting experience with EV and infrastructure analysis, the partnership addresses challenges faced by corporate clients in achieving sustainability goals. The integration of Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) into EV charging aligns with the broader trend of combining clean energy solutions with transportation electrification. This collaboration contributes to the carbon credit/offset market by fostering more sustainable practices in the commercial fleet sector and supporting businesses in their journey towards climate resilience and reduced environmental impact.

Carbon credit/Carbon offset Market Report Scope



Forecast Period

2024 to 2031

Historical Data Available for

2018 to 2023

Market Analysis

US$ Million for Value

Key Regions Covered

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • South Asia & Pacific
  • East Asia
  • The Middle East & Africa  

Key Countries Covered

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Russia
  • China
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • India
  • Thailand
  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa  

Key Market Segments Covered

  • Type
  • Project Type
  • End-User
  • Region

Key Companies Profiled

  • EKI Energy Services Ltd.
  • 3Degrees
  • Finite Carbon
  • Climeco LLC
  • CarbonBetter
  • Tasman Environmental Markets
  • ClimatePartner GmbH
  • Terrapass
  • Carbon Credit Capital LLC
  • South Pole Group
  • Xpansiv
  • Carbon Trade Exchange
  • AirCarbon Exchange
  • Deloitte

Report Coverage

  • Market Forecast
  • Company Share Analysis
  • Competition Intelligence
  • DROT Analysis
  • Market Dynamics and Challenges
  • Strategic Growth Initiatives  

Customization & Pricing

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Carbon credit/Carbon offset Market Research Segmentation


  • Voluntary Market
  • Compliance Market

Project Type

  • Avoidance/Reduction Projects
  • Removal/Sequestration Projects


  • Power
  • Energy
  • Aviation
  • Transportation
  • Buildings
  • Industrial
  • Others


  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

- Companies Covered in This Report -

  • Carbon Care Asia
  • 3 Degrees
  • South Pole Group
  • Finite Carbon
  • Eki Energy Services, Ltd.
  • Carbon Better
  • Climetrek Ltd.
  • Carbon Credit Capital
  • Nature Office GmbH
  • Bluesource LLC.
  • TEM
  • Climate Impact Partners
  • Climeco LLC
  • Carbonfund

- Frequently Asked Questions -

The market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 25.4% during the projected period.

The Carbon credit/Carbon offset market was valued at US$0.43 billion in 2023.

China held the largest market share in 2023.

The prominent players in the market are Carbon Care Asia, 3 Degrees, South Pole Group, Finite Carbon, Eki Energy Services, Ltd., Carbon Better, Climetrek Ltd., Carbon Credit Capital, Natureoffice GmbH, Bluesource LLC., TEM, Climate Impact Partners, Climeco LLC, and Carbonfund, among others.

Energy and Utilities segment is expected to grow fastest during the forecast period.

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