Microbial Fermentation CMO Market

Microbial Fermentation CMO Market Size, Share and Growth Forecast by Expression System, by Biologics, by End User, and by Region for 2024-2031

PMR’s Global Microbial Fermentation CMO Market Analysis is Based on Increasing Demand for Biopharmaceuticals and Focus on Sustainability and Green Technologies

Report ID: PMRREP34615

Report Type: Ongoing

Format: PPT*, PDF, EXCEL

Industry: Healthcare

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Market Size and Share Analysis

The global microbial fermentation CMO market outlook is estimated to value at US$6.9 Bn by the end of 2031 from US$3.8 Bn estimated to be recorded in 2024. The market is expected to secure a CAGR of 8.9% in the forthcoming years from 2024 to 2031.

Key Highlights of the Market

  • The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, and the need for novel therapeutic solutions are driving the demand for biopharmaceuticals, which are often produced using microbial fermentation.
  • Evolving regulatory frameworks and quality standards are influencing the microbial fermentation CMO market forecast.
  • CMOs ought to adhere to stringent regulations, especially in the biopharmaceutical sector, to ensure product safety and efficacy.

Market Attributes

Key Insights

Global Market Size (2024E)

US$3.8 Bn

Projected Market Value (2031F)

US$6.9 Bn

Forecast Growth Rate (CAGR 2024-2031)


Historical Growth Rate (CAGR 2019-2023)


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Market Introduction and Trend Analysis

The microbial fermentation CMO market is pivotal in various industries such as pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, agriculture, and industrial manufacturing, leveraging microorganisms like bacteria, yeast Ingredients, and fungi to produce valuable products.

As biopharmaceutical demand surges, driven by the need for antibiotics, vaccines, and enzymes, pharmaceutical companies increasingly rely on CMOs for production and scale-up.

Technological advancements in biotechnology, particularly genetic engineering and synthetic biology, are enhancing fermentation processes, broadening applications. Sustainability trends favor microbial fermentation over traditional chemical synthesis, especially in biofuels and bioplastics.

The growing probiotics market and sustainable agricultural practices further boost market demand. Precision fermentation, producing targeted molecules, is emerging as a significant industry trend, alongside stringent regulatory landscapes shaping market dynamics.

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Historical Growth and Course Ahead

The microbial fermentation CMO market has experienced robust growth over the past decade, propelled by advancements in biotechnology and increasing outsourcing trends in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries.

Historically, the market expanded as companies sought more efficient and cost-effective methods for producing complex biologics and specialty chemicals. Innovations in strain development and fermentation processes have significantly enhanced production yields and product quality.

Moving forward, the market is poised for accelerated growth, driven by the rising demand for biopharmaceuticals, sustainable production methods, and the expansion of precision fermentation technologies.

As regulatory frameworks evolve and consumer awareness of sustainable products increases, CMOs are expected to invest heavily in cutting-edge technologies and strategic partnerships to meet these demands.

The course ahead will likely see enhanced scalability, improved process efficiencies, and a broader application spectrum, solidifying the market's critical role in modern industrial and pharmaceutical manufacturing.

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Key Growth Drivers

Increasing Demand for Biopharmaceuticals

The increasing demand for biopharmaceuticals is significantly propelling the growth of the microbial fermentation contract manufacturing organization (CMO) sector.

As the prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune disorders rises, the need for advanced therapeutic solutions has intensified, driving the demand for biopharmaceuticals produced via microbial fermentation.

The shift towards personalized medicine, which requires customized therapeutic proteins and peptides, further underscores the importance of flexible and scalable fermentation processes that CMOs specialize in.

Additionally, the expanding market for biologics and biosimilars, which rely heavily on microbial fermentation, necessitates the expertise and advanced capabilities offered by CMOs.

Regulatory requirements and the need for high-quality, scalable production have made CMOs indispensable partners for pharmaceutical companies aiming to meet the growing demand for biopharmaceuticals efficiently and cost-effectively.

The dynamic interplay between increasing biopharmaceutical needs and the specialized services provided by microbial fermentation CMOs is driving significant growth in the market.

Factors Impeding the Market

Supply Chain Complexities

The microbial fermentation CMO market is increasingly experiencing supply chain issues that impact its growth and efficiency. The complexities of sourcing high-quality raw materials and the logistical challenges associated with transporting sensitive biological materials are significant hurdles.

Supply chain disruptions can lead to production delays, increased costs, and inconsistent product quality, which are critical concerns for CMOs operating in the biopharmaceutical sector.

One of the primary supply chain issues affecting the market is the inconsistent availability and quality of raw materials.

Fermentation processes rely on specific substrates, nutrients, and media, the supply of which can be affected by various factors, including geopolitical tensions, agricultural yield variability, and economic fluctuations.

The scarcity of these essential inputs can lead to production bottlenecks, making it difficult for CMOs to meet the growing demand for biopharmaceuticals.

Additionally, the quality of raw materials directly impacts the efficiency and yield of microbial fermentation processes, necessitating stringent quality control measures that further complicate supply chain management.

The increasing demand for biopharmaceuticals produced through microbial fermentation amplifies the importance of addressing supply chain issues within the market.

The availability and quality of raw materials, logistical challenges in transporting sensitive biological products, and navigating regulatory requirements are significant impediments facing the microbial fermentation CMO market growth.

By adopting strategic measures to mitigate these challenges, CMOs can enhance their resilience, ensure consistent production, and capitalize on the expanding demand for microbial fermentation-based biopharmaceuticals.

Addressing supply chain issues is essential for sustaining the growth and success of the market in the face of rising global demand.

Future Opportunities for Microbial Fermentation CMO Market Players

Sustainability and Green Technologies

Microbial fermentation CMOs are adopting sustainable practices to minimize their environmental footprint. This includes optimizing fermentation processes to reduce waste and energy consumption, thereby lowering greenhouse gas emissions and conserving resources.

The global sustainability boom is a massive market opportunity and thus such practices are critical for improving the overall sustainability of biopharmaceutical production.

The adoption of advanced bioprocessing techniques is central to green technologies in microbial fermentation. Innovations such as continuous fermentation and bioprocess optimization are enhancing the efficiency and scalability of production while reducing resource consumption and waste generation.

These technologies enable CMOs to produce more with less, aligning with sustainability goals. Green technologies that focus on water and energy efficiency are being integrated into microbial fermentation processes.

CMOs are implementing closed-loop water systems and energy-efficient bioreactors to reduce their environmental impact. These technologies help in conserving water and energy, which are critical resources in fermentation processes.

The integration of sustainability and green technologies is becoming a cornerstone of the microbial fermentation CMO market. By adopting sustainable practices, using renewable resources, and implementing advanced green technologies, CMOs can significantly reduce their environmental impact while meeting regulatory and consumer demands.

This shift towards sustainability not only benefits the environment but also offers economic advantages and enhances brand reputation. As the demand for eco-friendly products continues to grow, CMOs that prioritize sustainability will be well-positioned to lead in the evolving biopharmaceutical landscape.

Category-wise Analysis


Projected CAGR through 2031

Type of Expression Systems – Bacterial Expression Systems


Type of Biologics – Antibodies


Bacterial Expression Systems Lead by Drug Class

Bacterial expression systems, particularly those utilizing Escherichia coli (E. coli), are leading in the microbial fermentation CMO market due to their simplicity, cost-effectiveness, and efficiency in producing high yields of proteins. These systems are well-characterized, easy to manipulate genetically, and can grow rapidly, which allows for quicker and more scalable production processes.

Additionally, the infrastructure and knowledge base for bacterial expression are well-established, reducing the costs and time associated with development and production.

Compared to yeast and other expression systems, bacterial systems often provide higher expression levels and faster turnaround times, making them the preferred choice for producing a wide range of biopharmaceuticals and industrial enzymes.

The ability to produce proteins in large quantities with relatively low operational costs further solidifies their dominance in the microbial fermentation CMO market.

Antibodies Spearhead the Biologics Category

Antibiotics are leading in the type of biologics category in the microbial fermentation CMO market due to their critical role in modern medicine and their well-established production processes. The demand for antibiotics is consistently high due to their essential function in treating bacterial infections and their widespread use in healthcare.

The production of antibiotics via microbial fermentation is a mature technology, with well-defined protocols and cost-effective processes that enable large-scale manufacturing.

Furthermore, the global challenge of antibiotic resistance has driven continuous research and development in this area, leading to a steady stream of new and improved antibiotics.

Compared to other biologics such as enzymes, antibodies, plasmid DNA, and recombinant proteins, the production and market infrastructure for antibiotics are more robust and expansive, ensuring their leading position in the microbial fermentation CMO market.

Region-wise Analysis


Projected CAGR through 2031

North America




North America Dominates with Advanced Biotech Infrastructure, R&D Investments, and Strong Regulatory Framework

North America is leading in the microbial fermentation CMO market due to its advanced biotechnology infrastructure, substantial investment in research and development, and a strong regulatory framework.

The region is home to numerous leading biotech companies, research institutions, and universities that drive innovation in microbial fermentation technologies. Significant funding from both government and private sectors supports ongoing advancements and scaling of production capabilities.

Additionally, North America's well-established regulatory environment ensures high standards of quality and safety, making it a preferred destination for biopharmaceutical manufacturing. The combination of these factors fosters a robust ecosystem that supports the growth and dominance of the market in North America.

Europe Awaits Rapid Growth Through 2031 and Beyond

Europe is emerging as a significant player in the microbial fermentation CMO market due to its strong emphasis on innovation, supportive regulatory environment, and strategic investments in biotechnology.

The region boasts a rich ecosystem of leading biotech firms, academic institutions, and research centers that are driving advancements in microbial fermentation technologies.

European governments and the European Union are actively investing in biopharmaceutical research and development, providing funding and incentives for innovation.

Additionally, Europe's stringent regulatory standards ensure high-quality and safe production processes, making it an attractive destination for global biotech companies.

The region's focus on sustainability and green technologies also aligns with the increasing demand for eco-friendly biomanufacturing practices, further bolstering its position in the microbial fermentation CMO market.

Competitive Landscape Analysis

Collaborations and partnership to develop innovative products and accelerate the grant by regulatory bodies are the key growth strategies followed by the key players in the market. 

Companies are continuously investing in research and development to introduce innovative and break-through microbial fermentation CMO products. 

Recent Industry News

February 2024

Eurofins CDMO Alphora announces completion of a new pilot scale biologics development facility.

January 2024

AbbVie, and Umoja Biopharma (Umoja), an early clinical-stage biotechnology company, announced two exclusive option and license agreements to develop multiple in-situ generated CAR-T cell therapy candidates in oncology using Umoja's proprietary VivoVecTM platform.

Microbial Fermentation CMO Industry Report Scope



Forecast Period

2024 to 2031

Historical Data Available for

2018 to 2023

Market Analysis

US$ Billion for Value

Key Regions Covered
  • North America
  • Europe
  • East Asia
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Latin America

Key Market Segments Covered

  • Expression System
  • Biologics
  • End User
  • Region

Key Companies Profiled in the Report

Report Coverage

  • Market Forecast and Trends
  • Company Share Analysis
  • Competitive Intelligence
  • DROT Analysis
  • Market Dynamics and Challenges
  • Strategic Growth Initiatives  

Customization & Pricing

Available upon request

Microbial Fermentation CMO Industry Segmentation

By Expression System

  • Bacterial Expression Systems
  • Yeast Expression Systems
  • Others

By Biologics

  • Enzymes
  • Antibodies
  • Plasmid DNA
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Others

By End User

  • Biopharma Companies
  • Academic & Research Institutes
  • Others

By Region

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • The Middle East and Africa
  • Latin America

For report customisation and delivery information contact our sales representative.

Companies Covered in This Report

Frequently Asked Questions

The market for microbial fermentation CMO is currently around US$3.8 billion.

AbbVie Inc., BOC Sciences, Eurofins Scientific, FUJIFILM, Diosynth Biotechnologies, GSK plc. are some of the prominent players in this industry.

Bacterial Expression Systems segment records a significant market share as of 2024 in Type of Expression Systems category.

The shift towards personalized medicine, which involves developing treatments tailored to individual patients' genetic profiles, is boosting the demand for custom microbial fermentation processes to produce specific therapeutic proteins and peptides.

Antibodies segment records a significant market share as of 2024.

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