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Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers Market

Market Study on Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers: Analysing the Expanding Use of VCSELs in Emerging Applications Like Facial Recognition and Augmented Reality (AR), and the Increasing Applications in 3D Sensing Technology, Data Communication, and Automotive LiDAR Systems, PMR Foresees Various Opportunities Awaiting Ahead

A Detailed Analysis of the vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers Market Based on the Rising Demand for High-speed and Energy-efficient Data Transmission, and Advancements in Sensing Technologies

Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers Market

The global vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers market is forecast to expand at a CAGR of 15.7% and thereby increase from US$1.9 Bn in 2023, to US$5.4 Bn by the end of 2030.


Key Insights

Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers Market Size (2023E)

US$1.9 Bn

Projected Market Value (2030F)

US$5.4 Bn

Global Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2023 to 2030)


Historical Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2018 to 2022)


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Market Introduction and Definition

Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers are an exclusive category of semiconductor lasers characterized by a unique configuration in which the light emitted is oriented perpendicular to the surface of the semiconductor wafer. In contrast to conventional edge-emitting lasers, VCSELs produce light from their upper surface, which simplifies their incorporation into a wide range of applications. VCSELs are indispensable in many fields, including optical communication, sensing, and 3D sensing, due to their diminutive size, low power consumption, and capability of emitting a circular, precisely controlled beam.

Utilized in emerging technologies such as facial recognition and high-speed communication, VCSELs have become indispensable for data transmission in optical networks due to their scalability and wavelength stability. Multiple contributing factors influence the global VCSEL market. In the first place, the increasing need for energy-efficient and rapid data communication solutions has propelled the implementation of VCSELs in telecommunications and data centers.

Additionally, market expansion has been stimulated by the widespread adoption of consumer electronics that integrate VCSELs, specifically smartphones for facial recognition and gesture sensing. In addition, developments in automotive applications, including autonomous vehicle LiDAR systems, contribute to the growth of the VCSEL market. The ongoing research and development endeavors and adaptability of the technology serve to enhance its market influence, thereby ensuring a resilient future for VCSELs across diverse sectors.

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Market Growth Drivers

Increasing Need for Sophisticated Sensing Technologies

The exponential growth of the global market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is due to the increasing need for sophisticated sensing technologies, specifically in the domain of three-dimensional sensing applications. The incorporation of vertical conductive surface-to-surface depth-sensing systems into various applications such as augmented reality (AR), facial recognition, and gesture control is significantly transforming the consumer electronics and automotive sectors. VCSELs are of utmost importance in facilitating accurate and effective three-dimensional sensing owing to their distinctive characteristics, which encompass the capability to emanate a precisely regulated circular beam and the potential for swift modulation.

Because of the pervasive adoption of facial recognition technology in smartphones and other electronic devices, the demand for VCSELs for 3D sensing applications has increased significantly. In light of the growing demand among consumers for convenient and secure authentication methods, VCSEL-based facial recognition systems present a dependable resolution. By employing VCSELs, these systems are capable of projecting a structured light pattern onto the user's face, thereby acquiring precise depth information that guarantees secure and reliable facial identification.

Furthermore, the incorporation of touchless device interactions into user interfaces is achieved through the integration of VCSELs in gesture recognition applications. The emitted light can be precisely manipulated, enabling precise tracking of hand movements and gestures; this contributes to an enhanced user experience that is both intuitive and immersive.

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Market Restraints

Difficulty and Expenses of Producing VCSELs of Superior Quality

A significant factor restraining the expansion of the worldwide vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers industry is the difficulty and expense of producing VCSELs of superior quality. The production process of VCSELs is more complex than that of conventional edge-emitting lasers due to the intricate design and precision that are required. To fabricate the multiple layers that comprise VCSEL structures and achieve epitaxial growth, sophisticated semiconductor manufacturing techniques are required, which increases production costs.

Furthermore, the attainment of consistent and homogeneous performance throughout a substantial manufacturing run of VCSELs continues to be a substantial obstacle. Performance discrepancies among individual lasers can result from variations in the manufacturing process, which can hurt their dependability and effectiveness.

Alternative Technologies

An increasingly formidable competitor in the global market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is alternative technologies. Although VCSELs have become increasingly prominent in a range of applications such as sensing, data communication, and 3D imaging, the market is still confronted with competition from emergent solutions and alternative laser technologies. For example, edge-emitting lasers, which have historically been utilized in optical communication, continue to pose a significant rivalry.

The persistent progress and well-established market presence of these entities present an obstacle to the extensive implementation of VCSELs. In addition, non-laser-based solutions, and alternative sensing technologies, including time-of-flight (ToF) sensors, pose a threat in the 3D sensing domain. Particularly simple and economical, ToF sensors pose a threat to the market share of VCSELs in applications such as gesture control and facial recognition.

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Ascending Demand from Automotive Industry

The rising automotive industry demand for light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology is an opportunistic factor propelling the global market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. LiDAR has become an essential element in the automotive sector's progression toward autonomous driving and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). Its utilization enables precise and instantaneous three-dimensional mapping of the vehicle's environment. VCSELs are of utmost importance in LiDAR systems due to their distinctive attributes, including wavelength constancy, swift modulation capabilities, and precise beam emission capabilities, which render them optimal light sources for such applications.

The proliferation of autonomous and electric vehicles offers substantial prospects for expansion for VCSELs, specifically LiDAR technology. VCSELs facilitate the production of laser beams that possess particular attributes that are crucial for LiDAR applications, such as minimal divergence and high spatial coherence. These functionalities facilitate precise distance computations and the generation of intricate three-dimensional maps, thereby augmenting the vehicle's awareness of its surroundings. The demand for LiDAR systems in autonomous vehicles creates a significant market opportunity for VCSELs, establishing them as an indispensable element in the progression of automotive technology.

With the heightened commitment of technology companies and manufacturers to establish dependable and effective LiDAR solutions, the VCSEL market is poised to gain substantially, thereby generating prospects for market growth and innovation. The correlation between the expansion of autonomous driving technologies and the functionalities of VCSELs highlights the advantageous position that these devices will play in determining the trajectory of the automotive sector.

Analyst’s Viewpoint

Multiple significant factors are propelling the global market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers toward substantial expansion. Increasing demand for energy-efficient and high-speed data communication solutions is the primary factor driving the proliferation of VCSELs. The increasing evolution of data centers, telecommunications, and optical networks necessitates dependable and rapid data transmission. In this regard, VCSELs emerge as a pivotal technology that effectively satisfies these requirements.

Furthermore, it is the consumer electronics industry that significantly influences the expansion of the VCSEL market. The incorporation of VCSELs for gesture sensing and facial recognition into devices such as smartphones has become pervasive. The demand for VCSELs is driven by the consumer's desire for sophisticated features and functionalities in electronic devices, creating a symbiotic relationship between the two parties.

The integration of VCSEL technology by manufacturers into a growing range of consumer goods results in improved and novel functionalities for consumers, thereby stimulating a favorable cycle of demand and adoption. Ongoing research and development endeavors in the VCSEL sector even influence the relationship between manufacturers and consumers.

To enhance the versatility, performance, and efficacy of VCSELs, manufacturers are making substantial investments in technological progress. This not only satisfies the changing demands of consumers but also creates opportunities for novel applications, thereby stimulating market growth. The partnership between producers and consumers assumes paramount importance when it comes to enhancing product offerings, guaranteeing usability, and catering to industry-specific demands.

Supply-side Dynamics

The global market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is marked by the predominance of major corporations, including Broadcom Inc., Lumentum Holdings Inc., and II-VI Incorporated. These corporations are at the forefront of VCSEL technology development and commercialization for a wide range of applications. In terms of VCSEL market penetration, the US, China, Japan, and Germany are the leading nations. The US, due to its formidable technological infrastructure and substantial contributions to the consumer electronics and telecommunications industries, stands out as a key player in this field. Utilizing VCSELs in manufacturing, consumer electronics, and emerging technologies such as LiDAR for autonomous vehicles, China has adopted them rapidly.

The VCSEL market is being significantly influenced by the industry's leading companies, who are doing so using ongoing innovation, strategic alliances, and international market penetration. The development of high-performance VCSEL solutions for 3D sensing applications has been led by Lumentum Holdings Inc., which has contributed to the pervasive adoption of the technology in smartphones. II-VI By concentrating on emerging applications, such as automotive LiDAR, and making strategic acquisitions, Incorporated has established itself as a major player propelling market expansion.

The VCSEL market is firmly established under the leadership of Broadcom Inc. in data communication applications, specifically optical networks, and data centers. By allocating resources towards research and development to improve the performance of VCSELs, investigating novel applications in industrial environments, and cultivating partnerships with critical stakeholders, these dominant actors are transforming the industry.

Market Segmentation

What is the Leading Market Segment by Type?

Single-Mode Lasers Dominant for their Sensing and Optical Communication Technologies

Single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers are anticipated to hold the largest market share on a global scale. Single-mode VCSELs are preferred for sensing and optical communication technologies, which require high levels of precision and efficiency. Their capability of producing a precisely regulated stream of light through a singular, designated mode renders them exceptionally well-suited for the transmission of data at high speeds and over long distances.

On the contrary, it is expected that the multimode segment will witness the most rapid expansion within the VCSEL market. Multimode VCSELs are highly compatible with sensing, 3D imaging, and short-distance data transmission, among other applications. The expanding use of VCSELs in emergent technologies such as gesture recognition and LiDAR for autonomous vehicles, in addition to the demand for high-speed and cost-effective solutions in data centers, is anticipated to propel the multimode segment at a rapid rate. The rapid expansion of multimode VCSELs in the ever-changing realm of optical technologies can be attributed to their versatility and adaptability to a wide range of applications.

Which is the Top Application Area?

Data Communication Centers Spearhead, Driven by Rising Need of Optical Networks

It is expected that the data communications sector will hold the greatest market share in the vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers industry for the foreseeable future. The data communications sector is a significant market driver due to the widespread use of VCSELs in data centers, telecommunications, and optical networks in response to the rising demand for energy-efficient and high-speed data transmission solutions.

Concurrently, the sensing sector is positioned to undergo the most rapid expansion among all VCSEL segments. The demand for VCSELs in sensing technologies is fueled by the expansion of applications such as 3D sensing, LiDAR for autonomous vehicles, and gesture recognition in consumer electronics. The efficacy of VCSELs in diverse sensing applications is augmented by their precise and regulated light emission; this positions the sensing sector for swift expansion, given the increasing integration of these cutting-edge technologies into industrial systems and products.

Which is the Leading Material-wise Segment?

Gallium Arsenide to be at the Forefront for its Superior Electronic Characteristics

Gallium arsenide is anticipated to hold the greatest market share in the current semiconductor materials market for optoelectronic devices such as vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Due to its advantageous electronic characteristics, gallium arsenide is extensively utilized in the fabrication of VCSELs. This material is favored for a variety of applications, including sensing and optical communication technologies.

Simultaneously, gallium nitride is positioned to undergo the most rapid expansion. Gallium nitride possesses remarkable potential for new applications, including solid-state illumination and high-powered lasers, due to its exceptional electronic and optical characteristics. Due to the increasing need for sophisticated semiconductor materials, specifically in the dynamic domains of power electronics and optoelectronics, gallium nitride is positioned as a pivotal substance propelling advancements and expansion within the VCSEL market. The surge in industry exploration of innovative applications is anticipated to drive the increased adoption of gallium nitride, thereby contributing to its substantial growth in the semiconductor materials market.

Which is the Commanding Consumer Industry?

Consumer Electronics Industry Holds the Lion’s Share in Demand Generation

The consumer electronics sector is anticipated to hold the greatest market share of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for the foreseeable future. The extensive implementation of VCSELs in various electronic devices, including smartphones, tablets, and smart wearables, for functions including gesture sensing and facial recognition, substantially enhances the prominence of the consumer electronics sector.

Concurrently, the automotive sector is anticipated to witness the most rapid expansion among the various segments of VCSEL. A crucial driver for the automotive sector is the incorporation of VCSELs into LiDAR systems utilized by autonomous vehicles, and ADAS. The automotive sector's ongoing adoption of autonomous driving technologies is anticipated to generate significant demand for VCSELs in automotive applications, positioning this sector as the most rapidly expanding in the VCSEL market. By enhancing safety and perception capabilities in vehicles, VCSELs position the automotive industry for technological advancements and accelerated growth.

Top Regional Markets

Upsurge in Adoption by Auto and Data Center Industries Uphold North America’s Leadership Position

It is expected that North America will hold the largest market share of the worldwide market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. The region's strong technological infrastructure, substantial investments in research and development, and high concentration of key actors in the semiconductor and optoelectronics industries all contribute to this dominance. Their extensive utilization of data communication, sensing technologies, and emerging applications like 3D sensing and LiDAR for autonomous vehicles all contribute to the high demand for VCSELs in North America.

In addition, the robust market position of North America is bolstered by the development of applications such as facial recognition in consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, and the presence of major technology centers. Prominent entities within the area are actively engaged in the development and commercialization of VCSEL technologies, thereby stimulating market expansion and innovation. Furthermore, North America's leadership in the global VCSEL market is supported by the region's early adoption of new technologies, and the expanding adoption of automotive and data center industries.

South Asia, and the Pacific to Flourish with Booming Consumer Electronics

The global VCSEL market is anticipated to expand at the quickest rate in the South Asia, and the Pacific region. Increasing smartphone penetration, rising demand for high-speed data communication, and the emergence of smart manufacturing and industrial automation in countries such as China, India, and Japan all contribute to this expansion. The integration of VCSELs into applications including gesture control, facial recognition, and 3D sensing, as well as the expansion of the consumer electronics market in the region, significantly contribute to the accelerated growth.

Furthermore, South Asia, and the Pacific Emerging economies' increasing investments in infrastructure development, telecommunications, and the incorporation of cutting-edge technologies render it a crucial market for venture capital and strategic investment firms. The expansion of 5G networks in the region is a significant driver of demand for efficient data communication solutions, which in turn strengthens the growth prospects for VCSELs.

With the growing adoption of automation and optoelectronic technologies across industries in South Asia, and the Pacific, there is an anticipated surge in demand for VCSELs across a range of applications. Consequently, this region is projected to have the most rapidly expanding market share of all VCSELs worldwide.

Competitive Intelligence and Business Strategy

Prominent entities in the market for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers like Broadcom Inc., II-VI Incorporated, and Lumentum Holdings Inc. are implementing strategic initiatives to maintain and increase their market dominance. To begin with, these businesses are making substantial R&D investments to advance VCSEL technology. Through perpetual innovation and enhancement of VCSEL performance attributes, including but not limited to wavelength stability, power efficiency, and modulation capabilities, these industry participants strive to provide state-of-the-art solutions that surpass those of their rivals. Their unwavering dedication to innovation not only enables them to sustain a competitive advantage in technology but also establishes them as the go-to providers for a wide range of applications.

Acquisitions and strategic partnerships are crucial in the pursuit of market dominance. These corporations are proactively seeking partnerships with other prominent entities in the semiconductor and optoelectronics sector, thereby cultivating a network of knowledge and assets. They gain access to new markets, acquire complementary technologies, and expand their product portfolios via mergers and acquisitions. These astute manoeuvres empower them to provide all-encompassing resolutions, thereby fortifying their standing as preeminent entities able to fulfil the ever-changing requirements of diverse sectors.

Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers Market Report Scope



Forecast Period

2023 to 2030

Historical Data Available for

2018 to 2022

Market Analysis

US$ Million for Value

Key Regions Covered

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • South Asia & Pacific
  • East Asia
  • The Middle East & Africa  

Key Countries Covered

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Russia
  • China
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • India
  • Thailand
  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa  

Key Market Segments Covered

  • Type
  • Application
  • Material
  • Industry
  • Region

Key Companies Profiled

  • Lumentum Operations LLC
  • Vixar Inc.
  • Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
  • Coherent Corporation

Report Coverage

  • Market Forecast
  • Company Share Analysis
  • Competition Intelligence
  • DROT Analysis
  • Market Dynamics and Challenges
  • Strategic Growth Initiatives  

Customization & Pricing

Available upon request

Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers Market Research Segmentation

By Type:

  • Multimode
  • Single-Mode

By Application:

  • Sensing
  • Data Communications
  • Industrial Heating & Printing
  • Emerging & Other Applications

By Material:

  • Gallium Arsenide
  • Gallium Nitride
  • Indium Phosphide
  • Others

By Industry:

  • Consumer Electronics
  • Data Centers
  • Automotive
  • Commercial & Industrial
  • Healthcare

By Region:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • East Asia
  • South Asia & Oceania
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

- Companies Covered in This Report -

  • Lumentum Operations LLC
  • Vixar Inc.
  • Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
  • Coherent Corporation

- Frequently Asked Questions -

The market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 15.7% during the projected period.

The vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers market was valued at US$1.9 billion in 2023.

The US held the largest market share in 2023.

Some of the prominent players in the market are Lumentum Operations Llc, Vixar Inc., and Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.

The automotive segment is expected to grow at the fastest rate during the forecast period.

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