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Helium Gas Market

Market Study on Helium Gas: PMR Foresees Various Opportunities for Companies, Given the Rising Demand from Semiconductor Manufacturing, Expanding Applications in Healthcare, and Growing Exploration Activities to Secure Helium Reserves

A Detailed Analysis of the Helium Gas Market Based on Increasing Demand from Diverse Industries Including Healthcare, Electronics, and Aerospace

Helium Gas Market Outlook

The global helium gas market is forecast to expand at a CAGR of 4.8% and thereby increase from a value of US$2.4 Bn in 2024, to US$3.4 Bn by the end of 2031.


Key Insights

Helium Gas Market Size (2024E)

US$2.4 Bn

Projected Market Value (2031F)

US$3.4 Bn

Global Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2024 to 2031)


Historical Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2018 to 2022)


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Market Introduction and Definition

The helium gas market stands as a pivotal cornerstone within the chemicals and materials industry, offering a unique blend of characteristics that render it indispensable in various sectors. Helium, a non-renewable noble gas, is renowned for its low density, non-reactive nature, and exceptional thermal conductivity. These qualities make it a sought-after element in critical applications ranging from cryogenics to aerospace, healthcare, and electronics.

In the realm of healthcare, helium's use in MRI machines for cooling superconducting magnets is unparalleled, ensuring precise imaging crucial for diagnostics. Additionally, its inertness and stability make it an ideal purging agent in industries requiring contamination-free environments such as semiconductor manufacturing. Moreover, helium's buoyancy finds extensive utilization in lifting gas applications, notably in weather balloons and airships.

The significance of the helium gas market lies not only in its diverse applications but also in its limited global supply. With primary reserves predominantly located in a few select regions, ensuring a stable supply chain remains paramount. Consequently, fluctuations in helium availability can have profound impacts on industries reliant on its unique properties. Understanding the dynamics of the helium market becomes essential for stakeholders navigating its supply and demand landscape, ensuring sustainable utilization of this precious resource.

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Market Growth Drivers

Technological Advancements in Healthcare and Electronics Industries

Innovations in healthcare and electronics are driving the demand for helium gas. In healthcare, helium is utilized in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines for its cooling properties, enabling efficient operation and clearer imaging. The growing prevalence of MRI scans for diagnostic purposes and medical research fuels the demand for helium. Moreover, in the electronics industry, helium is essential for manufacturing semiconductors and fiber optic cables. With the surge in demand for electronics, particularly in sectors like telecommunications, data centers, and consumer electronics, the need for helium continues to rise. Advancements in these industries necessitate a stable supply of helium, stimulating market growth. As technology evolves, helium's role in facilitating cutting-edge applications in healthcare and electronics is set to propel the helium gas market forward.

Growing Aerospace and Defense Applications

The aerospace and defense sectors are emerging as significant drivers of helium gas market growth. Helium is indispensable in various aerospace applications, including weather balloons, airships, and satellite propulsion systems. With the increasing commercialization of space exploration and satellite deployment, the demand for helium is witnessing a significant uptick. Additionally, helium plays a crucial role in defense applications, such as missile systems, surveillance balloons, and gas chromatography for chemical detection. As nations worldwide prioritize defense modernization and space exploration initiatives, the demand for helium in these sectors is expected to soar. The unique properties of helium, including its low density and inertness, make it an ideal choice for aerospace and defense applications. Hence, the expanding scope of activities in these sectors is fueling the growth trajectory of the helium gas market.

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Market Restraints

Supply Constraints Due to Limited Reserves

The primary growth restraint facing the Helium Gas Market is the scarcity of helium reserves. Helium, being a non-renewable resource, is predominantly extracted from natural gas reserves. However, global helium reserves are limited, with only a handful of countries possessing significant quantities. This constraint is exacerbated by the fact that helium is primarily a byproduct of natural gas extraction, meaning its production is contingent upon the demand for natural gas. As demand for natural gas fluctuates, so does helium production, leading to supply shortages and price volatility in the helium market. Additionally, the concentration of helium reserves in geopolitically unstable regions further complicates the issue, as political tensions or conflicts can disrupt the supply chain, exacerbating the scarcity.

Rising Costs of Extraction and Processing

Another significant growth restraint for the Helium Gas Market is the increasing costs associated with extraction and processing. As helium reserves become more difficult to access and extract, companies are forced to invest in advanced extraction technologies, which are often expensive and complex. Furthermore, helium purification and processing require sophisticated infrastructure and energy-intensive processes, contributing to escalating operational costs. Additionally, stringent environmental regulations aimed at reducing emissions and minimizing ecological impact further increase the cost burden on helium production facilities. These rising costs are passed on to consumers, making helium less economically viable for various applications and hindering market growth. As a result, the helium industry faces significant challenges in maintaining profitability and competitiveness amidst escalating production costs.

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Advancements in Healthcare Technology Driving Helium Demand

In recent years, the healthcare sector has witnessed a surge in technological advancements, particularly in diagnostic imaging equipment such as MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) machines. Helium plays a vital role in these machines, cooling the superconducting magnets required for their operation. With the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and the growing demand for accurate diagnostic tools, the demand for MRI machines is expected to soar. This, in turn, will drive the demand for helium in the healthcare sector.

Moreover, the expanding geriatric population worldwide necessitates more frequent medical imaging procedures, further propelling the demand for helium. Additionally, the ongoing research and development efforts aimed at enhancing the efficiency and capabilities of MRI machines are likely to fuel the consumption of helium in the foreseeable future. Thus, the evolving landscape of healthcare technology presents a significant opportunity for growth in the global helium gas market.

Rising Demand for Helium in Space Exploration

As space exploration endeavors intensify, helium emerges as a critical component in various applications within the aerospace industry. From satellite propulsion systems to pressurizing and purging in spacecraft, helium's unique properties make it indispensable for space missions. With governments and private entities increasingly investing in space exploration initiatives, the demand for helium in this sector is projected to escalate significantly.

Furthermore, the burgeoning commercial space industry, characterized by companies like SpaceX, and Blue Origin, is driving innovation and competition in the aerospace sector. These companies are actively developing reusable rocket technologies and planning ambitious missions to explore celestial bodies such as Mars and the Moon. As these endeavors progress, the demand for helium for use in propulsion systems and other aerospace applications is poised to grow substantially. Thus, the expanding scope of space exploration presents a lucrative opportunity for the helium gas market to expand its foothold in the aerospace sector.

Analyst’s Viewpoint

In the short term, the helium gas market is poised for steady growth driven by increasing demand across various industries. Helium's unique properties make it indispensable in a wide range of applications, including MRI machines, semiconductor manufacturing, aerospace, and electronics. The growing healthcare sector, particularly the expansion of MRI technology, is expected to be a significant driver in the short term. Additionally, the rising demand for helium in the electronics industry for cooling purposes further fuels market growth.

However, the short-term growth may face challenges due to supply constraints. Helium is primarily sourced as a byproduct of natural gas extraction, and fluctuations in natural gas production can affect helium availability. This, coupled with geopolitical tensions in helium-rich regions, could lead to short-term supply disruptions.

Looking ahead, the long-term growth outlook for the helium gas market remains positive. The increasing adoption of helium in emerging technologies like quantum computing and nuclear fusion research is expected to drive sustained demand. Moreover, as helium is a non-renewable resource, securing future supply will be crucial. Investments in helium exploration and alternative extraction methods will play a significant role in shaping the long-term trajectory of the market. Additionally, ongoing research into helium recycling technologies will contribute to sustainability and supply stability in the long run.

Supply-side Dynamics

The helium gas market is witnessing significant shifts in its supply dynamics, primarily driven by geopolitical factors, technological advancements, and changing industrial demands. Historically, helium has been extracted primarily as a byproduct of natural gas production, with the US being the dominant supplier. However, recent years have seen a tightening of helium supply due to the depletion of legacy helium reserves and geopolitical tensions affecting production in key regions.

Furthermore, the emergence of new applications such as aerospace, healthcare, and electronics has increased demand for helium, exacerbating the supply-demand gap. This has led to heightened competition among helium suppliers and prompted efforts to explore alternative extraction methods and new helium sources.

Moreover, the shift towards renewable energy sources has diverted investments away from traditional helium extraction infrastructure, adding strain to the market. Consequently, helium prices have been volatile, impacting industries reliant on helium for various applications.

In response to these challenges, industry players are investing in helium exploration and extraction technologies, as well as fostering partnerships to secure long-term supply contracts. Additionally, there is a growing emphasis on helium recycling and conservation initiatives to mitigate supply constraints and stabilize market dynamics. Overall, the helium gas market is navigating through complex supply dynamics, necessitating strategic adaptation to sustain growth and meet evolving demand.

Market Segmentation

What are the Top Segments by Supply Mode?

In the dynamic landscape of the helium gas market, understanding its segmentation by supply mode is imperative. The market offers diverse avenues for helium acquisition, categorized into cylinders, bulk and micro tanks, drum tanks, and on-site generation. Each mode presents distinct advantages and applications, catering to various industries' unique needs.

Cylinders remain a popular choice for many due to their portability and convenience, especially in healthcare and manufacturing sectors. Bulk and micro tanks, on the other hand, cater to high-volume requirements, offering economies of scale for industries like electronics and fibre optics. Drum tanks provide a middle ground, suitable for moderate consumption levels across different applications.

Furthermore, the emergence of on-site helium generation signifies a paradigm shift, offering cost-effectiveness and sustainability benefits. This mode particularly appeals to industries requiring continuous helium supply, such as heat transfer and leak detection.

What are the Leading Market Segments Based on Application?

Diving deeper into the segmentation, the helium gas market showcases a plethora of applications spanning healthcare, manufacturing, electronics, leak detection, fibre optics, lifting gas, heat transfer, breathing mixtures, and more. Each application segment presents unique opportunities and challenges, influencing regional demand dynamics and market trends.

Healthcare remains a cornerstone application, with helium's inert properties finding extensive usage in MRI machines and respiratory therapies. Similarly, manufacturing and electronics sectors leverage helium for cooling and pressurization purposes, driving demand across regions. Moreover, helium's role in leak detection, fibre optics, and lifting gas applications underscores its versatility across diverse industries. By dissecting the market segmentation based on application, stakeholders gain valuable insights into niche opportunities and emerging trends, enabling strategic decision-making, and fostering market growth.

Top Regional Markets

What are the Growth Driving Factors Fueling Dominance of North America?

The helium gas market in the US is poised to witness remarkable growth by 2031. The dominance extends to the North American market, driven by escalating demands across various industries including healthcare, electronics, and metal fabrication. The burgeoning adoption of advanced digital devices like NMR, and MRI machines further fuels this demand, as these instruments rely on a continuous supply of liquid helium to maintain operations.

Liquid helium plays a pivotal role in ensuring the efficient functioning of coils by keeping them cool, thereby facilitating uninterrupted electron flow. Moreover, the electronics sector witnesses a surge in helium gas demand owing to its utilization in electronics and semiconductor manufacturing processes. The increasing integration of electronic devices within IT firms in the USA presents promising growth avenues for helium gas manufacturers.

How is the Helium Gas Market Outlook in China?

In China, the helium gas market is set to achieve significant milestones, with total sales projected to reach US$1.1 Bn by 2031, leading the East Asia region. The expansion of the electronics sector in China, driven by the rising demand for 3G telecommunication, IoT, automotive electronics, medical electronics, and industrial electronics, acts as a major catalyst for helium gas sales.

What are the Leading Application Segments in the Global Helium Gas?

The semiconductor industry emerges as a frontrunner in helium gas applications. Helium gas, renowned for its frictionless properties and auditory sensation production, finds extensive use in global positioning systems (GPS). Helium gas manufacturers are actively investing in research and development to enhance GPS technology, particularly in aviation and marine navigation, supported by funding from entities like the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The proliferation of smartphones and GPS-enabled vehicles such as space shuttles, tractors, and airplanes underscores the growing demand for helium gas on a global scale. This trend is expected to unlock substantial growth opportunities within the helium market.

Competitive Intelligence and Business Strategy

The helium gas industry is led by several significant companies, with notable players including Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Air Liquide S.A., Linde plc, and Gazprom. These industry leaders employ various unique competitive strategies to maintain their market positions. Air Products and Chemicals, for instance, focuses on strategic partnerships and acquisitions to expand its global reach and technological capabilities. Air Liquide emphasizes innovation and research, continually developing advanced helium purification and distribution technologies.

Linde plc leverages its extensive distribution network and operational efficiency to offer competitive pricing and reliable supply chains. Gazprom capitalizes on its vast helium reserves, ensuring a steady supply to meet growing market demands. These market leaders benefit from key competitive advantages such as economies of scale, strong brand recognition, and established customer relationships.

In the long term, the competitive landscape is expected to witness further consolidation as companies pursue mergers and acquisitions to enhance their market positions. Additionally, technological advancements and increasing demand from various industries like healthcare, electronics, and aerospace will drive competition, prompting players to innovate and differentiate their offerings to stay ahead in the evolving market.

Notable Recent Developments

Technological Advancements in Helium Extraction Methods

Recent advancements in helium extraction technologies, such as cryogenic distillation and adsorption processes, have significantly improved the efficiency of helium production. These methods enable more cost-effective extraction of helium from natural gas reserves and even from unconventional sources like geothermal wells.

Impact on Market:

These advancements have increased helium supply, alleviating concerns about helium scarcity and stabilizing prices. Additionally, the improved efficiency of extraction methods has enhanced the profitability of helium production, attracting more investments in the industry. Overall, these technological developments are driving market growth and ensuring a more sustainable supply of helium for various industrial applications.

Growing Demand from Healthcare Sector

The healthcare sector's demand for helium continues to rise, driven by its critical applications in MRI machines, cryogenic medical equipment, and respiratory therapies. With increasing investments in healthcare infrastructure globally, the demand for helium in the medical sector is expected to continue its upward trajectory.

Impact on Market:

The growing demand from the healthcare sector is creating new opportunities for helium suppliers and manufacturers. This trend is expected to contribute significantly to market expansion, particularly as advancements in medical technology drive the need for more sophisticated helium-based equipment. It also adds a stable demand segment, mitigating market volatility.

Shift Towards Sustainable Helium Sourcing Practices

Concerns over environmental sustainability and the finite nature of helium reserves have prompted companies to explore and adopt more sustainable sourcing practices. This includes investing in helium recycling technologies, reducing helium wastage during production and distribution, and exploring alternative helium sources such as helium recovery from natural gas venting and renewable resources.

Impact on Market:

The shift towards sustainable helium sourcing practices is not only addressing environmental concerns but also ensuring a more reliable supply chain for helium. Consumers are increasingly prioritizing products sourced through sustainable means, driving the adoption of these practices across the helium market. As a result, companies embracing sustainability are likely to gain a competitive edge and strengthen their market position in the long term.

Helium Gas Market Report Scope



Forecast Period

2024 to 2031

Historical Data Available for

2018 to 2023

Market Analysis

US$ Million for Value

Key Regions Covered

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • South Asia & Pacific
  • East Asia
  • The Middle East & Africa  

Key Countries Covered

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Russia
  • China
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • India
  • Thailand
  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa  

Key Market Segments Covered

  • By Supply Mode
  • By Application
  • By Region

Key Companies Profiled

  • Air Liquide
  • Linde PLC
  • Matheson Tri Gas Inc
  • Air Products and Chemical Inc.
  • Air Gas INC.
  • The Messer Group GMBH
  • Cryoin Engineering Ltd.
  • Chengdu Taiyu Industrial Gases Co. Ltd.
  • Paradox
  • Grand Gulf Energy

Report Coverage

  • Market Forecast
  • Company Share Analysis
  • Competition Intelligence
  • DROT Analysis
  • Market Dynamics and Challenges
  • Strategic Growth Initiatives  

Customization & Pricing

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Helium Gas Market Segmentation

By Supply Mode

  • Cylinders
  • Bulk and Micro tanks
  • Drum Tank
  • On-site

By Application

  • Healthcare
  • Manufacturing
  • Electronics
  • Leak Detection
  • Fiber Optics
  • Lifting Gas
  • Heat Transfer
  • Breathing Mixtures
  • Others

By Region

  • North America
  • Europe
  • East Asia
  • South Asia & Oceania
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

- Companies Covered in This Report -

- Frequently Asked Questions -

It is the market for helium, a rare, inert gas used in various applications including cryogenics, medical imaging, welding, and lifting balloons due to its low boiling point and non-reactive nature.

Growth is driven by increasing demand from industries such as healthcare (for MRI machines), electronics manufacturing, aerospace, and the growing use of helium in scientific research and deep-sea diving.

Challenges include limited natural reserves, geopolitical factors affecting supply, and the need for efficient extraction and recycling technologies to ensure a stable supply.

North America, particularly the United States, is a major producer and consumer of helium due to natural gas extraction; Europe and Asia-Pacific also have significant market shares due to industrial and healthcare demand.

Opportunities include developing more efficient helium extraction and recycling methods, exploring alternative sources such as helium-rich natural gas fields, and diversifying helium applications in emerging technologies like quantum computing and cryogenics.

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