Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market

Market Study on Fungal Keratitis Treatment: Analysing the Progressing Innovations in the Treatment of Fungal Keratitis, PMR Highlights a Range of Opportunities Arising on the Horizon, for Market Participants

A Detailed Analysis of the Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market Based on an Increasing Global Incidence of Fungal Eye Infections

Report ID: PMRREP33958

Number of Pages: 198

Format: PPT*, PDF, EXCEL

Industry: Healthcare

Published Date: January-2024

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Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market

The global fungal keratitis treatment market is forecast to expand at a CAGR of 6.0% and thereby increase from a value of US$640.2 Mn in 2023, to US$962.6 Mn by the end of 2030


Key Insights

Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market Size (2023E)

US$640.2 Mn

Projected Market Value (2030F)

US$962.6 Mn

Global Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2023 to 2030)


Historical Market Growth Rate (CAGR 2018 to 2022)


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Market Introduction and Definition

Fungal keratitis treatment is referring to therapeutic techniques that address fungal infections of the cornea, the transparent front section of the eye. These infections can be brought on by trauma, contact lens wear, or pre-existing eye disorders. Fungi like Fusarium or Aspergillus are frequently the source of these infections. The usual course of treatment consists of systemic or topical antifungal drugs; in extreme situations, surgery may be necessary. To avoid problems and protect vision, prompt diagnosis, and focused treatment are essential.

Improvements in antifungal medications, diagnostic tools, and public awareness of eye health all support the expansion of the fungal keratitis treatment industry. A growing number of people worldwide are developing fungal eye infections, which is driving up the need for novel and efficient therapies. Prominent industry participants concentrate on conducting research and development to present innovative treatments, creating a competitive environment that caters to the changing requirements of medical practitioners and patients.

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Market Growth Drivers

Advances in Diagnostic and Treatment Technologies

One major factor driving the fungal keratitis treatment market is the quick development of diagnostic tools and treatment approaches. Advances, such as next-generation sequencing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods, improve the accuracy and speed of diagnosing fungal infections in molecular diagnostics. These developments make it possible for medical practitioners to detect fungal keratitis more quickly, which enables the timely start of focused treatment. Furthermore, increased therapy outcomes are a result of developments in antifungal drug research, including innovative formulations and delivery strategies. The market is propelled forward by the incorporation of state-of-the-art technologies, which not only improve diagnosis accuracy but also enable the creation of more efficient and user-friendly treatment alternatives.

In addition, fungal keratitis is becoming more commonplace worldwide, which is a major factor driving the market expansion. Fungal eye infections are becoming more common due to a number of factors, including changing climatic patterns, wearing contact lenses more frequently, and engaging in more outdoor and agricultural activities. This increase in cases fuels the need for efficient treatment options and creates an atmosphere that is favourable for market growth. Early identification and treatment are further encouraged by the public's and healthcare professionals' rising awareness of the potential severity of fungal keratitis. With pharmaceutical and healthcare businesses concentrating on satisfying the growing demand for cutting-edge treatment solutions, the market is poised for continuous growth as the frequency of these infections continues to rise.

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Market Restraints

Lower Accessibility, and Affordability

Issues with treatment accessibility and cost significantly constrain the market for treatments for fungal keratitis. In certain areas, there exist differences in financial resources and healthcare infrastructure, which might make it difficult for patients to receive timely and efficient care. The prohibitive expenses linked to sophisticated diagnostics and antifungal drugs could potentially create obstacles, especially in impoverished regions, limiting the extensive use of the most effective treatment approaches and possibly affecting the expansion of the market.

Challenges in Meeting Regulatory and Approval Requisites

In the market for fungal keratitis treatments, overcoming regulatory obstacles and approval procedures is a significant problem. The development and marketing of novel drugs and medical devices may be subject to strict regulatory regulations, which may result in longer development times and higher expenses. Complying with regulatory requirements necessitates thorough clinical data, which complicates the creation of innovative medicines. The effective management of these obstacles necessitates significant monetary outlays and tactical planning, which impacts the general rate of innovation and market penetration.


Proposing Significant Promise through Advancements in Research and Development

The market for fungal keratitis treatments offers a sizable opportunity due to the ongoing investigation of novel therapeutic approaches and diagnostic tools. Research & development endeavours can result in the identification of more effective antifungal drugs, inventive medication delivery systems, and sophisticated diagnostic instruments. Pharmaceutical corporations, academic institutions, and healthcare organizations can work together to develop novel solutions with improved safety and efficacy profiles. The industry's investment in innovative methods has led to the development of state-of-the-art treatments and diagnostics that not only solve existing problems but also pave the way for a more complex and extensive range of products and market expansion prospects.

Moreover, a favourable environment for market potential is created by the emphasis being placed globally on developing the healthcare infrastructure, especially in emerging economies. Enhancing the overall management of fungal keratitis can be achieved by investments in medical facilities, professional training programs, and increased accessibility to healthcare services. Better diagnosis, treatment, and patient care are made possible by this heightened focus on healthcare development, creating an environment that is favourable to market expansion. A larger patient population and a rise in the use of cutting-edge therapeutic options could be advantageous for the market for fungal keratitis treatments as public and private organizations invest resources to enhance healthcare access and quality.

Analyst’s Viewpoint

The market for treatments for fungal keratitis is expected to increase steadily due to ongoing improvements in therapeutic innovations, medical research, and diagnostic technology. Growing awareness of eye health and the prevalence of fungal eye infections are predicted to play a major role in the market's expansion as the global healthcare environment changes. The continued focus on research and development endeavours is anticipated to produce innovative drug formulations and treatment approaches, thereby augmenting the effectiveness and safety of therapies for fungal keratitis. Geographically, emerging regions—particularly those in South Asia and Oceania—are predicted to increase at the highest rate due to expanding emphasis on eye care and bettering healthcare infrastructure. Furthermore, industry participants, healthcare practitioners, and regulatory agencies working together are ready to create a market environment that is dynamic and can adapt to the changing demands of patients.

Supply-side Dynamics

The dynamic interaction of manufacturers, research centres, and pharmaceutical corporations defines the market for treatments for fungal keratitis. Research and development efforts in the business are expanding rapidly with the goal of bringing cutting-edge medicinal treatments and diagnostic instruments to market. Pharmaceutical corporations are actively funding the creation of innovative antifungal medications with fewer adverse effects and increased efficacy. Furthermore, partnerships between academic institutions and business entities are developing a strong pipeline of cutting-edge treatment approaches, which broadens the range of possibilities accessible to medical practitioners.

Companies in the market for fungal keratitis treatments are carefully matching their production capacities to the changing needs of the medical field. The focus is on assuring the quality and accessibility of treatment alternatives in addition to expanding the production scale. A major area of concentration is supply chain optimization, with the goal of reducing lead times and guaranteeing a consistent and dependable supply of medicinal products to end users. Another important consideration is regulatory compliance, as producers follow the strict guidelines established by health authorities to guarantee the security and effectiveness of their goods.

Additionally, there is a trend in the market towards the integration of cutting-edge drug delivery technology, which improves the efficacy and simplicity of administering medication. This offers a more patient-centric approach and includes the creation of specialized medication delivery systems and sustained-release formulations. Overall, the supply-side dynamics of the market for fungal keratitis treatments show a dedication to efficiency, quality, and innovation, with industry participants cooperating to meet the changing demands of patients and healthcare professionals in the field of ocular health.

Market Segmentation

Which Category Leads by Type?

Widespread Occurrence and Research Advancements Drive Significant Sales Growth for Aspergillus Keratitis in The Market

The type segment is sub-segmented into Aspergillus keratitis, Fusarium keratitis, Candida keratitis, and other fungal keratitis (e.g., Cryptococcus neoformans, Mucorales). The market for fungal keratitis treatments is currently dominated by Aspergillus keratitis. The primary driver of this segment's growth is the widespread occurrence of Aspergillus species, which are frequently linked to contact lens use and severe corneal injuries. Furthermore, more research has been conducted because of the awareness of Aspergillus keratitis as a difficult and potentially serious condition, which has advanced diagnostic techniques and treatment choices. The fastest-growing category is Candida keratitis, which is driven by an increase in cases associated with immunocompromised patients as well as an increase in the usage of extended-wear contact lenses. The market for fungal keratitis treatments is seeing an acceleration of growth in the case of Candida keratitis due to factors including changing contact lens habits and greater vulnerability in specific patient demographics.

Which Drug Formulation Will Be the Primary Focus for Installations?

Eye Drops Dominate Market Share with an Advantage by Convenience and Preference

The drug formulation segment is bifurcated into tablets, eye drops, ophthalmic ointments, and subconjunctival injections. Eye drops dominate the market for fungal keratitis treatments. Its non-invasive and patient-friendly character, which enables convenient and focused treatment for corneal infections, is credited with this formulation's domination. Eye drops are the medicine of choice for treating fungal keratitis due in part to their widespread acceptance and convenience of administration. The need for targeted and long-lasting medication delivery has caused subconjunctival injections to become the fastest-growing market. Subconjunctival injections are a potentially viable and quickly developing market niche for fungal keratitis treatment because they are directly administered to the afflicted area, which improves treatment efficacy.

Which Route of Administration is at the Forefront?

Topical Eye Drops Remain Preferred

The route of administration segment is topical eye drops or ointments, oral antifungal medications, and intravenous (iv) antifungal medications (for severe or invasive fungal keratitis). The largest market segment for fungal keratitis treatments is presently comprised of topical eye drops or ointments. This administration method is preferred because it is focused and localized, making it possible to apply medication to the afflicted area directly—a critical feature for corneal infections. The popularity of topical preparations in the management of fungal keratitis is partly due to their ease of administration and minimal systemic side effects.

The fastest-growing market is that of intravenous (IV) antifungal drugs, especially for cases of invasive or severe fungal keratitis. The intravenous method meets the urgent need for aggressive therapy in cases of severe infections by ensuring the quick and systemic delivery of strong antifungal drugs. The market for fungal keratitis treatments is expanding at an accelerated rate as a result of rising awareness of the effectiveness of intravenous injection in difficult situations.

Who are the Primary End Users?

Hospitals and Clinics Dominate

The end user segment is categorized into hospitals and clinics, ophthalmic centres and eye hospitals, ambulatory surgical centres (ASCs), and home care settings. hospitals and clinics dominate the market for fungal keratitis treatments. The provision of comprehensive and centralized healthcare services in these settings is the primary factor contributing to the segment's dominance. Clinics and hospitals are preferred for handling instances of fungal keratitis because they offer fast access to emergency care, sophisticated diagnostic facilities, and specialist ophthalmic knowledge. The fastest-growing market sector is ASCs, driven by the increased popularity of outpatient care. The specialized eye care services, affordability, and ease of use provided by ASCs have led to their explosive rise in the fungal keratitis treatment industry. The move to ambulatory settings is consistent with the larger trend in healthcare that emphasizes the delivery of effective and patient-centred care.

Top Regional Markets

Global Market Revenue Concentrated in North America

The fungal keratitis treatment market is the most significantly concentrated in North America, primarily due to the region's robust healthcare infrastructure, sophisticated medical research capabilities, and elevated incidence of eye-related disorders. North America is dominant due in part to strong regulatory frameworks, heightened public and professional knowledge, and both. Ongoing improvements in diagnostic technologies and treatment modalities further support the region's leadership position in treating cases of fungal keratitis.

Asian Markets Emerge Highlight Profitable in Line with an Alarming Growth Rate of Fungal Eye Infections 

The market for fungal keratitis treatments is expanding at the quickest rate in South Asia, and Oceania. Several variables are driving the growth, such as an increase in the frequency of fungal eye infections, advancements in healthcare infrastructure, and easier access to healthcare services. Opportunities for market expansion are created by the region's growing patient pool, which is a result of the changing lifestyles and diversified population. In addition, joint initiatives by governments and medical groups to improve accessibility and raise public awareness are propelling the market for fungal keratitis treatments in South Asia, and Oceania.

Competitive Intelligence and Business Strategy

Key pharmaceutical companies are present in the fungal keratitis treatment market, competing for market share through strategic efforts and product differentiation. Prominent companies persist in their emphasis on research and development to launch new antifungal medications and cutting-edge therapeutic approaches. Partnerships with academic institutions and research centres are stimulating innovation and resulting in the creation of more potent treatments. Additionally, industry alliances and acquisitions support portfolio expansion, allowing businesses to provide a wide spectrum of fungal keratitis solutions.

The focus on geographic expansion and market penetration heightens the competitive dynamics within the market. Prominent companies are capitalizing on their worldwide reach to access developing areas that lack access to healthcare. The creation of medicine formulations that are easy to use, effective supply chain management, and adherence to strict regulatory requirements are other competitive factors. The market for fungal keratitis treatments is dynamic, with companies constantly implementing marketing tactics to build brand awareness and gain a firm foothold. Examples of these initiatives include product launches and promotional activities. The rivalry is propelling innovation, demanding better patient outcomes, and helping the industry evolve its response to the intricate problems presented by fungus-induced ocular illnesses.

Key Recent Developments

New Product Launch

Leading American pharmaceutical firm for eye care, Harrow, announced in October 2023 that the following product New Drug Applications (NDAs) had been successfully transferred to Harrow:

The corticosteroid FLAREX® (fluorometholone acetate ophthalmic suspension) 0.1% is recommended for the management of inflammatory disorders that respond to steroids in the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea and anterior portion of the eye.

The sterile antifungal NATACYN® (natamycin ophthalmic suspension) 5% is used to treat keratitis, conjunctivitis, and fungal blepharitis that are brought on by susceptible organisms, such as Fusarium solani keratitis.

TOBRADEX® ST, also known as tobramycin and dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension, 0.3%/0.05%, is a combination of antibiotic and corticosteroid that is prescribed for inflammatory ocular conditions that respond to steroids and where there is a risk of or occurrence of superficial bacterial ocular infection.

Market Impact: Harrow (has completed the transfer of New Drug Applications (NDAs) for FLAREX®, NATACYN®, and TOBRADEX® ST. This is a strategic move that unifies their pharmaceutical portfolio for eye care. By providing a wide range of therapies for different eye problems, this advancement may strengthen Harrow's position in the market and have an impact on its competitiveness and market share in the pharmaceutical industry for eye care.

Along with her PhD students, Drs. Aastha Jain, Harsha Rohira, and Sujithra Shankar, the team led by Prof. Archana Chugh from Kusuma School of Biological Sciences, began collaborating with Dr. Sushmita G Shah, an ophthalmologist and cornea specialist from Dr. CM Shah Memorial Charitable Trust and Eye Life, Mumbai, in July 2021. An innovative “antifungal strategy” has been created by an all-female research team at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi to treat fungal infections in the eyes more successfully.

Market Impact: Potential breakthroughs in the therapeutic landscape are demonstrated by the team led by Prof. Archana Chugh and Dr. Sushmita G Shah, who collaborated to develop a novel antifungal method for ocular infections. By offering more precise and potent treatments for ocular fungal infections, this research may influence the market and lead to further advancements in antifungal therapy.

Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market Report Scope



Forecast Period

2023 to 2030

Historical Data Available for

2018 to 2022

Market Analysis

US$ Million for Value

Key Regions Covered

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • South Asia & Pacific
  • East Asia
  • The Middle East & Africa  

Key Countries Covered

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • Russia
  • China
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • India
  • Thailand
  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa  

Key Market Segments Covered

  • Type
  • Drug Formulation
  • Route of Administration
  • End User
  • Region

Key Companies Profiled

  • Novartis AG
  • Eyevance Pharmaceuticals, LLC (Santen Holdings United States Inc.)
  • AbbVie Inc.
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Merck and Co. (Merck KGaA)
  • Bausch Health Companies Inc.
  • Cipla Inc.
  • Wellona Pharma
  • Salvus Pharma

Report Coverage

  • Market Forecast
  • Company Share Analysis
  • Competition Intelligence
  • DROT Analysis
  • Market Dynamics and Challenges
  • Strategic Growth Initiatives  

Customization & Pricing

Available upon request

Fungal Keratitis Treatment Market Research Segmentation

By Type:

  • Aspergillus keratitis

  • Fusarium keratitis

  • Candida keratitis

  • Other fungal keratitis (e.g., Cryptococcus neoformans, Mucorales)

By Drug Formulation:

  • Tablets

  • Eye Drops

  • Ophthalmic Ointments

  • Subconjunctival Injections

By Route of Administration:

  • Topical eye drops or ointments

  • Oral antifungal medications

  • Intravenous (IV) antifungal medications (for severe or invasive fungal keratitis)

By End User:

  • Hospitals and clinics

  • Ophthalmic centers and eye hospitals

  • Ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs)

  • Homecare settings

By Region:

  • North America

  • Europe

  • East Asia

  • South Asia & Oceania

  • Latin America

  • Middle East & Africa

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Companies Covered in This Report

  • Novartis AG
  • Eyevance Pharmaceuticals, LLC (Santen Holdings United States Inc.)
  • AbbVie Inc.
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Merck and Co. (Merck KGaA)
  • Bausch Health Companies Inc.
  • Cipla Inc.
  • Wellona Pharma
  • Salvus Pharma


Frequently Asked Questions

The market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 6.0% during the projected period.

The fungal keratitis treatment market was valued at US$640.2 million in 2023.

The US held the largest market share in 2023.

Some of the prominent players in the market are Novartis Ag, Eyevance Pharmaceuticals, Llc (Santen Holdings United States Inc.), Abbvie Inc., Pfizer Inc., Merck and Co. (Merck Kgaa), Bausch Health Companies Inc., Cipla Inc., Wellona Pharma, Lexicare Pharma Pvt. Ltd, and Salvus Pharma.

The candida keratitis segment is expected to grow at the fastest CAGR during the forecast period.

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