The increasing global health concerns due to the spurt in urbanization and increasing level of industrialization are driving the UV disinfection equipment market globally. The government expenditure in all the global regions has increased in the past decades which are also reflected in the five year plans of countries. Municipalities are upgrading from traditional chlorine-based disinfection to UV-based disinfection which has propelled the UV disinfection equipment market.
UV disinfection equipment are those which use ultraviolet light to disinfect products and places such as water, food, electronic equipment and research set-ups. There are three types of UV lamps i.e. UVA, UVB and UVC with different intensities or wavelengths. UV disinfectant equipment is designed in a way that all the microorganisms flowing through the reactor receives a UV dose (fluence) adequate to disinfect the water to an acceptable standard. The lamps in UV disinfection equipment are of five types: Low Pressure, Low Pressure High Output, Medium Pressure, Flash and LED.
The market is fragmented though there are only few big international players operating on top (especially in the water and waste water segments). Most of the large companies, such as Xylem and Danaher, in the market are operating through their subsidiaries.
North America was the leading region in UV disinfection equipment market followed by Asia Pacific and Europe. The increasing demand for advanced water treatment technologies and the growing industries, especially the healthcare industry in the U.S. and Canada are the key drivers behind the growing market share of North America and the region is expected to retain its leadership through 2019. The leadership of North America in the UV disinfection market is mostly driven by the demand from the U.S. due to the increasing concern for safe drinking and industrial water coupled with the growing industries including healthcare, making the U.S. the biggest market for UV disinfection equipment in this segment.
Government initiatives for providing safe drinking water to citizens are increasing the scope of UV disinfection equipment. The fast growth of healthcare and chemical industries is offering opportunities for the air and surface segments of the UV disinfection equipment market.
However, the declining year-on-year growth rate of the food and beverages market has been a concern for the industry. Environmental regulations in several countries are compelling water governing authorities to change their traditional method of water techniques and employ advance technologies such as UV disinfection.
The bargaining power of suppliers is medium in the UV disinfection equipment market due to the presence of large number of suppliers of the components. The traditional substitute in the form of chlorination has been a major threat for the industry which is enhanced by its low installation cost. However, threat from new entrants is low due to the large requirement of capital and expertise. The existing patents create further barriers for new entrants, thereby decreasing the threat of their market entry.
The UV disinfection equipment market has introduced new technology in the form of UV light emitting diode (LED) which is more efficient than the traditional UV in terms of power consumption. With the power tariff rising, power efficient solutions are becoming the need of the hour, especially for industries that serve a large mass of people which include the water and waste water industry.
Key points covered in the report
The report covers geographic segmentation
Increasing global health concerns due to the spurt in urbanization and increasing level of industrialization are driving the UV disinfection equipment market globally. Several benefits associated with UV disinfection equipment including its low installation and operation cost, residue-less functioning and ease of maintenance making it one of the preferred choice among the disinfection equipments. The growth of allied industries such as healthcare and chemical are increasing the scope of UV disinfection equipment. The government initiative for providing safe drinking water to citizens is further escalating the demand in this market.
The trend of combined use of ozone and UV disinfection has been increasing in order to create multiple barriers for Cryptosporidium (a disease causing gastrointestinal illness and diarrhoea) and Giardia (the protozoan parasites causing Giardiasis).
Based on their wavelengths (intensities), there are three types of Ultraviolet rays: Ultraviolet A (UVA), Ultraviolet B (UVB) and Ultraviolet C (UVC) with long (400-315 nm (nanometers)), medium (315-280 nm) and short (280-100 nm) wavelengths, respectively. UVA finds its application in PC Case-blue light, counterfeit money detection, air conditioning, air purification, scanning and disinfecting dishwasher. UVB is used in zoology and botany studies and UVC is used in disinfection of air, water and surface. Across all wavelengths, the UV disinfection equipment uses UVC lamps for disinfecting the targeted objects.
The Long Term 2 (LT2) Surface Water Treatment Rule of EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) demonstrates that public water systems in the U.S. that use surface water or ground water are required to reduce the Cryptosporidium levels in source water by 2-logs (99%). Cryptosporidium microorganisms are chlorine resistant and can be filtered and disinfected through microfiltration, ozonation and UV disinfection. This lays further opportunities for the advanced disinfection techniques including the UV.