• Published On : Dec-2017 |
  • Pages : 221 Pages |
  • Format :

Table of Content

1. Executive Summary
     1.1. Market Overview
     1.2. Market Analysis
     1.3. PMR Analysis and Recommendations
     1.4. Wheel of Fortune

2. Market Introduction
     2.1. Market Definition
     2.2. Market Taxonomy
     2.3. Value Chain Analysis

3. Market View Point
     3.1. Macro-Economic Factors
     3.2. Opportunity Analysis

4. Global Market Analysis 2012–2016 and Forecast 2017–2025
     4.1. Market Size and Y-o-Y Growth
     4.2. Absolute $ Opportunity
     4.3. Key Regulations

5. North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis and Forecast
     5.1. Introduction
     5.2. Regional Market Dynamics
            5.2.1. Drivers
            5.2.2. Restraints
            5.2.3. Trends
     5.3. Drivers and Restraints: Impact Analysis
     5.4. Historical Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016, By Country
            5.4.1. U.S.
            5.4.2. Canada
     5.5. Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Forecast 2017-2025, By Country
            5.5.1. U.S.
            5.5.2. Canada
     5.6. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Type of Homes 
            5.6.1. Luxury Homes 
            5.6.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     5.7. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Unit Size
            5.7.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            5.7.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            5.7.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     5.8. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By End-user 
            5.8.1. Residential Buyer
            5.8.2. Corporate Buyer 
     5.9. Market Attractiveness Analysis
            5.9.1. By Country 
            5.9.2. By Type of Homes
            5.9.3. By Unit Size 
            5.9.4. By End-user

6. Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis and Forecast
     6.1. Introduction
     6.2. Regional Market Dynamics
            6.2.1. Drivers
            6.2.2. Restraints
            6.2.3. Trends
     6.3. Drivers and Restraints: Impact Analysis
     6.4. Historical Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016, By Country
            6.4.1. Brazil
            6.4.2. Mexico
            6.4.3. Rest of Latin America
     6.5. Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Forecast 2017-2025, By Country
            6.5.1. Brazil
            6.5.2. Mexico
            6.5.3. Rest of Latin America
     6.6. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Type of Homes 
            6.6.1. Luxury Homes 
            6.6.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     6.7. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Unit Size
            6.7.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            6.7.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            6.7.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     6.8. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By End-user 
            6.8.1. Residential Buyer
            6.8.2. Corporate Buyer 
     6.9. Market Attractiveness Analysis
            6.9.1. By Country 
            6.9.2. By Type of Homes
            6.9.3. By Unit Size 
            6.9.4. By End-user

7. Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis and Forecast
     7.1. Introduction
     7.2. Regional Market Dynamics
            7.2.1. Drivers
            7.2.2. Restraints
            7.2.3. Trends
     7.3. Drivers and Restraints: Impact Analysis
     7.4. Historical Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016, By Country
            7.4.1. Germany
            7.4.2. U.K.
            7.4.3. France
            7.4.4. Rest of Europe
     7.5. Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Forecast 2017-2025, By Country
            7.5.1. Germany
            7.5.2. U.K.
            7.5.3. France
            7.5.4. Rest of Europe
     7.6. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Type of Homes 
            7.6.1. Luxury Homes 
            7.6.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     7.7. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Unit Size
            7.7.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            7.7.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            7.7.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     7.8. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By End-user 
            7.8.1. Residential Buyer
            7.8.2. Corporate Buyer 
     7.9. Market Attractiveness Analysis
            7.9.1. By Country 
            7.9.2. By Type of Homes
            7.9.3. By Unit Size 
            7.9.4. By End-user

8. Asia Pacific Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis and Forecast
     8.1. Introduction
     8.2. Regional Market Dynamics
            8.2.1. Drivers
            8.2.2. Restraints
            8.2.3. Trends
     8.3. Drivers and Restraints: Impact Analysis
     8.4. Historical Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016, By Country
            8.4.1. China
            8.4.2. India
            8.4.3. Australia and New Zealand
            8.4.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
     8.5. Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Forecast 2017-2025, By Country
            8.5.1. China
            8.5.2. India
            8.5.3. Australia and New Zealand
            8.5.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
     8.6. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Type of Homes 
            8.6.1. Luxury Homes 
            8.6.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     8.7. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Unit Size
            8.7.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            8.7.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            8.7.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     8.8. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By End-user 
            8.8.1. Residential Buyer
            8.8.2. Corporate Buyer 
     8.9. Market Attractiveness Analysis
            8.9.1. By Country 
            8.9.2. By Type of Homes
            8.9.3. By Unit Size 
            8.9.4. By End-user

9. Middle East & Africa Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis and Forecast
     9.1. Introduction
     9.2. Regional Market Dynamics
            9.2.1. Drivers
            9.2.2. Restraints
            9.2.3. Trends
     9.3. Drivers and Restraints: Impact Analysis
     9.4. Historical Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016, By Country
            9.4.1. GCC Countries
            9.4.2. South Africa
            9.4.3. Turkey
            9.4.4. Rest of Middle East and Africa
     9.5. Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Forecast 2017-2025, By Country
            9.5.1. GCC Countries
            9.5.2. South Africa
            9.5.3. Turkey
            9.5.4. Rest of Middle East and Africa
     9.6. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Type of Homes 
            9.6.1. Luxury Homes 
            9.6.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     9.7. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By Unit Size
            9.7.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            9.7.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            9.7.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     9.8. Market Size (US$ Bn) & Forecast By End-user 
            9.8.1. Residential Buyer
            9.8.2. Corporate Buyer 
     9.9. Market Attractiveness Analysis
            9.9.1. By Country 
            9.9.2. By Type of Homes
            9.9.3. By Unit Size 
            9.9.4. By End-user

10. Forecast Factors: Relevance and Impact

11. Competition Landscape
     11.1. Market Structure
     11.2. Competition Dashboard
     11.3. Company Profiles (Details – Overview, Financials, Strategy, Recent Developments)
            11.3.1. Houzz Inc.
            11.3.2. HomeAdvisor, Inc. 
            11.3.3. The Porch Company, Inc. 
            11.3.4. Livspace
            11.3.5. Algedra Group
            11.3.6. Al Zaher Interiors

12. Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis, By Region
     12.1. Introduction
     12.2. Historical and Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016 and 2017-2025, By Region
            12.2.1. North America
            12.2.2. Latin America
            12.2.3. Europe
            12.2.4. Asia Pacific
            12.2.5. Middle East and Africa
     12.3. Market Attractiveness Analysis By Region

13. Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis, By Type of Homes
     13.1. Introduction
     13.2. Historical & Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016 and 2017-2025, By Type of Homes
            13.2.1. Luxury Homes 
            13.2.2. Super-Luxury Homes 
     13.3. Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type of Homes
     13.4. Key Trends

14. Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis, By Unit Size
     14.1. Introduction
     14.2. Historical & Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016 and 2017-2025, By Unit Size 
            14.2.1. 1,000 Sq. Ft- 2,000 Sq. Ft
            14.2.2. 2,000 Sq.Ft- 3,000 Sq. Ft 
            14.2.3. 3,000 Sq. Ft and above 
     14.3. Market Attractiveness Analysis By Unit Size 
     14.4. Key Trends

15. Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Analysis, By End-user 
     15.1. Introduction
     15.2. Historical & Current Market Size (US$ Bn) Analysis 2012-2016 and 2017-2025, By End-user
            15.2.1. Residential Buyer
            15.2.2. Corporate Buyer Market Attractiveness Analysis By End-user
     15.3. Key Trends

16. Assumptions and Acronyms Used

17. Research Methodology


List of Tables

Table 01: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 02: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 03: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 04: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 05: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 06: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025
Table 07: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 08: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 09: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 10: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 11: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 12: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025
Table 13: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 14: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 15: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 16: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 17: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 18: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025
Table 19: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 20: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 21: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 22: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 23: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 24: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025
Table 25: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 26: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 27: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 28: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 29: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 30: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025
Table 31: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2012-2016
Table 32: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Type of Homes , 2017-2025
Table 33: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size, 2012-2016
Table 34: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By Unit Size , 2017-2025
Table 35: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User, 2012-2016
Table 36: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Bn) By End-User , 2017-2025


List of Figures

Figure 01: Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2017–2025
Figure 02: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012–2016
Figure 03: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) & Y-o-Y Growth Forecast, 2017–2025
Figure 04: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Absolute $ Opportunity (US$ Mn) 2017–2025
Figure 05: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Country , 2017- 2025
Figure 06: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Country, 2017–2025
Figure 07: U.S. Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 08: U.S. Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 09: Canada Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 10: Canada Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 11: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness by Country, 2017-2025
Figure 12: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 13: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 14: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025
Figure 15: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Country , 2017- 2025
Figure 16: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Country, 2017–2025
Figure 17: Brazil Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 18: Brazil Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 19: Mexico Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 20: Mexico Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 21: Rest of Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 22: Rest of Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 23: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness by Country, 2017-2025
Figure 24: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 25: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 26: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025
Figure 27: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Country , 2017- 2025
Figure 28: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Country, 2017–2025
Figure 29: Germany Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 30: Germany Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 31: France Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 32: France Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 33: U.K. Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 34: U.K. Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 35: Rest of Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 36: Rest of Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 37: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness by Country, 2017-2025
Figure 38: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 39: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 40: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025
Figure 41: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Country , 2017- 2025
Figure 42: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Country, 2017–2025
Figure 43: China Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 44: China Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 45: India Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 46: India Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 47: Australia and New Zealand Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 48: Australia and New Zealand Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 49: Rest of APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 50: Rest of APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 51: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness by Country, 2017-2025
Figure 52: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 53: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 54: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025
Figure 55: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Country , 2017- 2025
Figure 56: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Country, 2017–2025
Figure 57: GCC Countries Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 58: GCC Countries Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 59: South Africa Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 60: South Africa Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 61: Turkey Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 62: Turkey Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 63: Rest of MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 64: Rest of MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 65: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness by Country, 2017-2025
Figure 66: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 67: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 68: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025
Figure 69: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Share (%) & BPS Analysis, By Region, 2017- 2025
Figure 70: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value Y-o-Y Growth Comparison, By Region, 2017–2025
Figure 71: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2016
Figure 72: North America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 73: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 74: Europe Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 75: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 76: APAC Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 77: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 78: Latin America Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 79: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn), 2012-2026
Figure 80: MEA Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Value (US$ Mn) % Y-O-Y Growth Forecast, 2017-2025
Figure 81: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Region , 2017-2025
Figure 82: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Type of Homes, 2017-2025
Figure 83: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By Unit Size, 2017-2025
Figure 84: Global Ready-to-move-in Luxury Homes Market Attractiveness By End-User , 2017-2025