Global Market Study on Electric Bus: Asia Pacific to Witness Highest Growth by 2020


  • Report code : PMRREP3703 |
  • Industry : Automotive |
  • Published On : Apr-2015 |
  • Pages : 43 Pages |
  • Format :

Air pollution caused by vehicles has been emerging as a serious concern for governments across the globe. This, in turn, is driving demand for public transport facilities with lower emissions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution causes about 100,000 deaths every year in Europe, reducing life expectancy by an average of one year. Considering the negative impact of pollution on people, governments around the world are working to find solutions to reduce pollution levels. European countries such as France, the U.K., and Germany are emerging as key markets for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.

There are three main categories of electric buses, namely, pure electric, hybrid electric, and plug-in hybrid electric. Pure electric buses use batteries for their operations, while hybrid electric buses use conventional fuel and electric propulsion systems. Plug-in hybrid buses have similar functionality as hybrid electric buses. However, hybrid electric buses store energy when the bus decelerates, whereas plug-in hybrid buses require an external plug-in power source for charging. Power generated in hybrid electric buses is used for high intensity tasks such as accelerating from standstill. The combustion engine later boosts the vehicle’s movement and also recharges the battery.

Unstable fuel prices and depleting crude oil reserves are influencing transport departments and transit agencies globally to increase the number of alternate and new energy vehicles. Some of the transit agencies in developed countries are considering long-term benefits as opposed to short-term costs while purchasing buses. Electric buses require high initial investment. However, their operational cost is significantly low as compared to that of conventional buses as electricity is cheaper than diesel.

Electric bus manufacturing is a capital intensive market. Most large automotive companies have not forayed into the market as it is in the nascent phase. Funding from external investors is one of the key reasons for the growth of electric bus market. For instance, venture capitalists such as Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and General Motors Ventures LLC invested USD 30.0 million in Proterra Inc., an electric bus manufacturing company based in the U.S., in June 2014. Moreover, the company raised over USD 120 million from private equity funding since 2011. 

China has been crusading towards its goal of pollution free transportation environment under which it has been focusing on increasing the number of electric vehicles in the country. The government is encouraging the purchase of electric buses in several other ways.

The global electric bus market is thriving mainly due to growing environmental concerns of the public and various governments. However, among developing countries, China is the only country taking concrete steps to curb vehicular pollution with the introduction of large number of electric buses. The high cost of electric buses is a key barrier for this industry. However, unstable crude oil prices and increasing focus of transit agencies on minimizing operational costs are expected to lower the impact of the cost factor in the long term. In recent times, certain product launches by companies indicate the increasing level of competition in the industry. The investments of companies and transit agencies are being backed by funding from venture capitalists and governments, which are, in turn, favoring the growth of electric bus market. 

There are mainly three categories of electric buses, namely, pure electric, hybrid electric and plug-in hybrid electric. Pure electric buses use batteries for their operation while hybrid electric buses use conventional fuel and an electric propulsion system. Plug-in hybrid buses have similar functionality as hybrid electric buses. However, hybrid electric buses store energy when the bus decelerates, whereas plug-in hybrid buses require an external plug-in power source for charging. Power generated in hybrid electric buses is used for high-intensity tasks such as accelerating from a standstill. The combustion engine later boosts the vehicle’s movement and also recharges the battery.

The global electric bus market is mainly dominated by hybrid buses. However, the market for the pure electric bus is growing at a fast pace owing to increasing public and government interest in emission-free transportation. China dominated the global electric bus market mainly due to its large population and the clean transportation drive initiated by the government.

Air pollution caused by vehicles has been emerging as a serious concern for governments across the globe. This, in turn, is driving demand for public transport facilities with lower emissions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution causes about 100,000 deaths every year in Europe, reducing life expectancy by an average of one year. Considering the negative impact of pollution on people, governments around the world are working to find solutions to reduce pollution levels. European countries such as France, the U.K., and Germany are emerging as key markets for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. 

Electric bus manufacturing is a capital intensive market. Most large automotive companies have not forayed into the market as it is in the nascent phase. Funding from external investors is one of the key reasons for the growth of electric bus market.

Due to high purchasing costs, developing countries refrain from using electric buses. Also, due to the low level of awareness, public concern about environmental pollution is low in these countries. Developed countries are also reluctant to a certain extent about the incorporation of electric buses due to the absence of any regulatory framework for them.

Company Profiles:

  • BYD Company Limited.
  • Proterra, Inc.
  • AB Volvo (publ).
  • Daimler AG.
  • Solaris Bus & Coach S.A.
  • Zhongtong Bus & Holding Co., Ltd.
  • Ashok Leyland, Ltd.
  • EBUSCO.
  • Alexander Dennis Limited.
  • Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co., Ltd.

Chapter 1 Preface

1.1 Research Methodology

     1.1.1 Regions covered in the report

1.2 Assumptions

Chapter 2 Markt Synopsis

Chapter 3 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

3.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers

3.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

3.3 Threat of New Entrants

3.4 Threat of Substitutes

3.5 Rivalry Within the Industry

Chapter 4 Industry Overview

4.1 Market Drivers

     4.1.1 Growing environmental concerns

     4.1.2 Transit agencies’ inclination towards sustainable public fleet systems

     4.1.3 Rise in external Investments, funding, and public-private partnerships

4.2 Impact Analysis for Drivers

4.3 Market Restraints

     4.3.1 High purchasing costs of electric buses

     4.3.2 Popularity of natural gas-fuelled buses

4.4 Impact Analysis for Restraints

4.5 Opportunities and Trends

     4.5.1 China is presenting significant growth opportunities for the electric bus market

     4.5.2 Launch of several new products in the market

Chapter 5 Market Size and Forecast, by Region

5.1 North America

     5.1.1 The U.S.

     5.1.2 Canada

5.2 Europe 19

     5.2.1 The U.K.

     5.2.2 Germany and Spain

     5.2.3 France

5.3 Asia Pacific

     5.3.1 China

     5.3.2 Japan

     5.3.3 South Korea

     5.3.4 India

5.4 Rest of the World

     5.4.1 Russia

     5.4.2 Brazil

     5.4.3 The Middle East

Chapter 6 Company Profiles

6.1 BYD Company Limited

     6.1.1 Company overview

     6.1.2 Products and services

     6.1.3 Financial performance

     6.1.4 Recent development

6.2 Proterra, Inc.

     6.2.1 Company overview

     6.2.2 Products and services

     6.2.3 Financial performance

     6.2.4 Recent developments

6.3 AB Volvo (publ)

     6.3.1 Company overview

     6.3.2 Products and services

     6.3.3 Financial performance

     6.3.4 Recent development

6.4 Daimler AG

     6.4.1 Company overview

     6.4.2 Products and services

     6.4.3 Financial performance

     6.4.4 Recent development

6.5 Solaris Bus & Coach S.A.

     6.5.1 Company overview

     6.5.2 Products and services

     6.5.3 Financial performance

     6.5.4 Recent developments

6.6 Zhongtong Bus & Holding Co., Ltd.

     6.6.1 Company overview

     6.6.2 Products and services

     6.6.3 Financial performance

     6.6.4 Recent development

6.7 Ashok Leyland, Ltd.

     6.7.1 Company overview

     6.7.2 Products and services

     6.7.3 Financial performance 

     6.7.4 Recent developments

6.8 EBUSCO

     6.8.1 Company overview

     6.8.2 Products and services

     6.8.3 Financial performance

     6.8.4 Recent developments

6.9 Alexander Dennis Limited

     6.9.1 Company overview

     6.9.2 Products and services

     6.9.3 Financial performance

     6.9.4 Recent development

6.10 Shenzhen Wuzhoulong Motors Co., Ltd.

     6.10.1 Company overview

     6.10.2 Products and services

     6.10.3 Financial performance

     6.10.4 Recent developments


List of Tables

TABLE 1 Snapshot: Global market for electric bus, 2013 and 2020

TABLE 2 Drivers for electric bus market: Impact analysis

TABLE 3 Restraints for electric bus market: Impact analysis

TABLE 4 Successful bidders for electric buses under the Green Bus Fund in the U.K.

TABLE 5 Zhongtong electric bus models by type

TABLE 6 Shenzhen Wuzhoulong electric bus by type and model


List of Figures 

FIG. 1 Electric bus market: Porter’s five forces analysis

FIG. 2 Global electric bus market size, by volume, by region, 2012–2020

FIG. 3 Turnover and net profit of BYD, 2011 – 2013 (USD million)

FIG. 4 Net sales and net income of AB Volvo, 2011 – 2013 (USD million)

FIG. 5 Net sales and net income of Daimler, 2011 – 2013 (USD billion)

FIG. 6 Net sales and net income of Zhongtong, 2011 – 2013 (USD million)

FIG. 7 Net sales and net income of Ashok Leyland, 2012 – 2014 (USD million)

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